Brian Kuehmichel
April 30, 2022



There are an abundance of very different prophets enumerated in Holy Scripture. Quite often they are presented without a name. A great many are introduced by simple descriptions such as a ‘man of God,’ ‘prophet,’ ‘prophetess,’ ‘one of the children of the prophets,’ ‘sons of the prophets,’ ‘seer,’ or a messenger of the Lord. Some are described as receiving a message from God. Many prophets are only reported in the context of conveying the message of God by their spoken voice so that a recipient, a hearer, could record and preserve it for us today. Each specific, actual/historical, purposeful divine revelation came with the requirement of conveying it to others [example: Jer 30:2].

Overview

Various individuals conveyed a very brief or simple message of warning from God while some had very long messages. We could not know about any of them unless those individuals who received that message from God spoke about it and shared it with others. There were numerous examples of very brief yet specific messages from God (Amos 3:8). Some individuals received a message from God as a dream (in the night), some as a vision (during the day), while others heard from God as a spoken voice. More than a few saw the ‘angel of the Lord’ (Hagar, Moses, Balaam, Joshua, Gideon, Samson's parents, David, Elijah the Tishbite, Zechariah) while only one prophet talked with God ‘face to face’ (Moses, Exo 3:6; Exo 33:11; Deut 34:10).

The messenger of God does not always foretell events [examples: Exo 7:1; Num 11:25-27]. Many spoke of God's care and provision in the past and encouraged repentance and a return to faithful obedience toward God. Sometimes they confront a person about their past sin and spoke about a punishment for their behavior that will come about [examples: 1 Kgs 21:17-24; 2 Sam 12:1-12]. A few like Haggai and Zechariah the son of Iddo were stirred to speak words to encourage and motivate fellow Israelites.

Isa 30:21 "And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This is the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left."

In the cases of Ehud, "one of the children of the prophets", Jehu the son of Nimshi, Hosea, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, those men acted out God's message or a portion of it. [See also enacted parables.] After a significant victory of deliverance Miriam, Deborah, and Barak sang prophetic songs (Exo 15:20-21; Jdg 5:1). David, Asaph, and others sang God's message and/or wrote psalms often put to music (2 Sam 22:1; 23:1; 1 Chr 16:7; 25:1; 2 Chr 29:30; Luke 20:42; Neh 12:46). One couple in the period of the judges was told (and reported to others) they were going to have a very special son. Abiathar as the high priest reported God's answer to David's inquiries just like Eleazar the high priest and Phinehas the high priest did earlier for Israel. Several individuals even prophesied as proof that God's word was going to come to pass [example: 1 Sam 19:20-24].

Two types of prophets

Some of those messages had come through Abimelech the Philistine, Laban the Syrian, a butler and a baker of Pharoah, Pharaoh of Egypt, and a Midianite man that told a dream unto his fellow soldier. Two message filled dreams were given to Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Those messages were almost always given by way of a dream, given in the night by God to unusual people (Job 7:13-15; 33:14-17). But those men told the message to another person or group so that it became known and was recorded.

One thing for us to specifically note was that those individuals just listed and others were not known as godly individuals. Balaam was not a godly man but God used him to bless Israel in spite of his personal corruption from love of money (Num 22:1—24:25). Neither was the ‘old prophet’ from 1 Kings 13:11-32, who did not comport himself in any virtuous manner, yet he was also used by God. Necho king of Egypt, Caiaphas the high priest, and others did not wholly obey God in their personal life yet were used to convey a message from God which was reported, recorded, preserved, and transmitted in Scripture to us. But God in fulfilling His purposes chose and used each of them to receive and speak about the message given to them.

This type of prophet, not known as godly, was specifically put in contrast to the holy prophets. The expression, "holy prophets," directly implied that there were "unholy prophets." The term, "holy prophets," was emphasised by Zacharias in Luke chapter one, by Apostle Peter in both Acts chapter three and Second Peter chapter three, and again by Apostle Paul in Romans chapter one.

Luke 1:70 "As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began."

Acts 3:19-21 "Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord. And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began."

2Pet 3:1-2 "This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour."

Rom 1:1-2 "Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures)."

Godly or holy prophets

Any message from God to pre-sin man (pre-fall, Gen 2:16-17) and to post-sin man (post-fall, Gen 3:1-24) was a call to obedience (Gen 4:6-7; 12:1-4; 1Sam 3:1-18; Isa 6:1-13; Jer 2:1-37). For both the gentile and the Israelite there were consequences for not obeying. Treating God's messengers lightly or with dishonor prompted repercussions (Num 16:12, 28-37; Deut 11:6). Discounting or disobeying the message itself was even worse (Num 11:1-3; 21:5-7; Deut 4:25-27; Jer 11:8, 11; 22:5; 44:16). Meanwhile, the prophetic word to the covenant people of Israel was especially a call to return to and maintain ongoing obedience (Isa 1:19; Amos 3:1; 5:1, 14-20; Jer 7:9-11, 23; Hos 4:2; Amos 2:6-8; Matt 7:24).

1) For individuals examples include Cain (Gen 4:8-15), a pharaoh of Egypt with Abraham (Gen 12:14-20), Abimelech of Gerar with Abraham (Gen 20:3), Sihon and Og (Josh 2:10), king Saul (1 Sam 15:19-23), and a prophet's neighbor (1 Kgs 20:35-36).

2) For groups examples include two groups of fifty soldiers (2 Kgs 1:9-13) and a group of youths (2 Kgs 2:22-24).

3) For cities examples include Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19:1-29), Jericho (Josh 6:1-26), Zephath (Jdg 1:17), and Jerusalem (2 Chr 24:23; 36:19).

4) For nations examples include Egypt (Ge 15:14; Ex 10:7), Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which were in Thelasar (2 Kgs 19:12-17; Isa 37:12), and Makkedah, Lachish, Gezer, Hazor (Josh 10:28, 33; Acts 13:19) and even Israel itself (Neh 9:17; Dan 9:10).

For the great majority of these prophets, their lives followed God's directives (Lev 19:18; Deut 6:5; Mic 6:6-8). Their messages were consistently calling their fellow Israelites, and sometimes other nations, to repent. They repeatedly called the divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah to return again to their covenantal blessing under God (Isa 1:19; Amos 3:1; 5:1, 14-15; Jer 3:1; 7:9-11, 23; 18:11; 35:15; Hos 4:2; Amos 2:6-8; Matt 7:24). Their message from God was often to return to Him with a genuine heart (2 Chr 7:14; Jer 36:3; 38:20) and not simply with an outward show (Isa 1:11-15; Amos 4:4-5; Pro 21:4; Amos 4:8-10; Jer 14:12).

Jer 11:7 "For I earnestly protested unto your fathers in the day that I brought them up out of the land of Egypt, even unto this day, rising early and protesting, saying, Obey my voice."

Jer 25:4 "And the Lord hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear."

Jer 26:5 "To hearken to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent unto you, both rising up early, and sending them, but ye have not hearkened;"

Jer 29:19 "Because they have not hearkened to my words, saith the Lord, which I sent unto them by my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them; but ye would not hear, saith the Lord."

Jeremiah 35:15 "I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me."

Jer 44:4 "Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate."

Dan 9:6, 10 "Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, which spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. ... Neither have we obeyed the voice of the Lord our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets."

What makes a "prophet?"

Do various individuals qualify as a prophet if they do not foretell future events? Can they just use God's prior words to build, encourage, or reprove (Jdg 6:8-10)? Some prophets did not write out their own message, was speaking sufficient? Can the prophet speak and let someone else write it down as was done by Jeremiah with Baruch or as demonstrated with many others? Was acting out a part of the message sufficient to be recognized as a prophet? Did singing or putting a message in acrostic psalms qualify? The answer was, of course, "yes" to all of these questions.

How then do we define ‘a prophet’ that encompasses many varied forms of passing on the message from God while noting that some individuals were not holy while most were holy? The simplest and broadest definition of a prophet was "a person who both received God's message and conveyed God's message to others". They were someone who spoke openly and honestly about the message received from God. In many circumstances, whether the messenger or prophet was noble or not did not matter. This was directly implied when the New Testament spoke of God's "holy prophets" (Luke 1:7; Acts 3:21; 2 Pet 3:2; Rev 22:6). Thus there were others not included in that list.

Whether the individual wrote down the material or someone else recorded it accurately for them was not essential criteria. A ‘prophet’ was anyone who received God's message and faithfully reported that message for the benefit of others (2 Chr 24:19). These were often given in varied forms of dreams, visions, a voice in the ear (Deut 4:36; 1 Kgs 19:12;), face to face, words from an "angel of the Lord", divine guidance while composing a song or writing a psalm, or in David's and later Ezekiel's case when they received in a spoken and visual combination the plans for the temple.

Various descriptions of prophets

A few prophets, known as major prophets, had long books recording their work and message [examples: Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel]. A group known as minor prophets have short books recording their message [examples: Obadiah, Habakkuk, Amos of Tekoa, Nahum the Elkoshite, etc.]. Various individuals had only one brief message recorded [examples: Hanani the seer, Eliezer the son of Dodavah, Oded, etc.]. A few prophets had only one single sentence recorded for us to know about their message [examples: Jehu the son of Nimshi, Necho king of Egypt]. Some have no message recorded yet they were called a prophet, or prophetess, a man of God, or that they had a prophecy [examples: "sons of the prophets at Bethel", Huldah the prophetess, Igdaliah, etc.]. While others are reported only as part of a group [examples: Saul and his messengers, "man of sons of the prophets", "one of the children of the prophets"]. A few acted out their message [examples given above]. Some shown in the long table below, though called upon by God, were not very typical—their service as a prophet was very brief and eclectic.

Five times a woman was called a prophetess. These were Miriam, Deborah, Huldah, Isaiah's wife, and Anna. [Just two false prophtesses were named, Noadiah and Jezebel (Neh 6:14; Rev 2:20).] There were, however, many more unnamed prophets presented in Holy Scripture who served God and carried his message. These were described by terms like: seventy elders, man of God (four times), a company of prophets (two times), messengers of Saul, a man of God of Judah, a prophet (three times), a certain man of the sons of the prophets, sons of the prophets at Bethel, sons of the prophets at Jericho, and one of the children of the prophets. Samuel, Zadok, Gad, Heman, Iddo, Hanani, Jehu the son of Hanani, Asaph, Jeduthun, and Amos were directly called a seer (1 Sam 9:19; 2 Sam 15:27; 24:11; 1 Chr 25:5; 2 Chr 9:9; 16:7; 19:2; 29:30; 35:15; Amos 7:12). But many more were described by that general term seer while others were called a prophet, a man of God, or a messenger.

2 Kgs 17:13 "Yet the Lord testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets."

2 Chr 33:18-19 "Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer unto his God, and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the Lord God of Israel, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel. His prayer also, and how God was intreated of him, and all his sins, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up groves and graven images, before he was humbled: behold, they are written among the sayings of the seers."

2 Chr 24:19 "Yet he sent prophets to them, to bring them again unto the Lord; and they testified against them: but they would not give ear."

Jer 7:25 "Since the day that your fathers came forth out of the land of Egypt unto this day I have even sent unto you all my servants the prophets, daily rising up early and sending them:"

1 John 4:1 "Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world."

Foretelling prophets

But for the prophet who would foretell, i.e. prophesying or conveying God's message about the future (Amos 3:7), their requirements were very narrow and strict (Deut 18:18-22). The criteria was that their words foretelling about near term future events must come to pass within their lifetime before they could be trusted regarding their long term prophesy.

Testing false prophets

Deut 13:1-3 "If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder, And the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them; Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the Lord your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul."

Isa 30:10-11 "Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits: Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.

Lam 3:37 "Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when the Lord commandeth it not?"

Jer 14:14 "Then the Lord said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart."

Jer 23:25 "I have heard what the [false] prophets said, that prophesy lies in my name, saying, I have dreamed, I have dreamed."

Jer 28:9 "The prophet which prophesieth of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be known, that the Lord hath truly sent him."

Neh 6:12-13 "And, lo, I perceived that God had not sent him; but that he pronounced this prophecy against me: for Tobiah and Sanballat had hired him. Therefore was he hired, that I should be afraid, and do so, and sin, and that they might have matter for an evil report, that they might reproach me."

Matt 7:15-19 "Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire."

2 John 10 "If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed."

Confirming true prophets

Deut 18:18-22 "I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him. But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die. And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the Lord hath not spoken? When a prophet speaketh in the name of the Lord, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the Lord hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him."

Num 12:6-8 "And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the Lord will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house. With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the Lord shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?" [emphasis added]

Isaiah 42:9 "Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them."

Isa 48:3-5 "I foretold the former things long ago, my mouth announced them and I made them known; then suddenly I acted, and they came to pass. For I knew how stubborn you were; the sinews of your neck were iron, your forehead was bronze. Therefore I told you these things long ago; before they happened I announced them to you so that you could not say, 'My idols did them; my wooden image and metal god ordained them.'"

Amos 3:7 "Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets."

Eze 12:25 "For I am the Lord: I will speak, and the word that I shall speak shall come to pass ..."

Eze 33:33 "And when this cometh to pass, (lo, it will come,) then shall they know that a prophet hath been among them."

Dan 2:29 "As for thee, O king, thy thoughts came into thy mind upon thy bed, what should come to pass hereafter: and he that revealeth secrets maketh known to thee what shall come to pass."

2 Pet 1:19-21 "And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost."

Messianic prophets

When Jesus spoke to two disciples on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-32) and began at Moses’ book in Genesis Jesus had quite a list of prophets to cover. But not all prophets had spoken about the Messiah. Jesus taught Cleopas and the other disciple how to understand and apply the Holy Scriptures when those prophets had either pointed to and/or spoken of the coming Messiah. Those two disciples learned alot about Messianic prophesy while walking about threescore (60) furlongs (about 7.5 miles) because they were taught by the master teacher Himself.

John 5:39 "Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me."

Acts 3:18-24 "But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled. Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord. And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began. For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people. Yea, and all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after, as many as have spoken [of him], have likewise foretold of these days."

Acts 10:43 "To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins."

Obscure prophets

The obscure ‘prophets,’ those rarely considered in a list of prophets, received a message from God and relayed it to others. Only by telling others could any of these be recorded in the historical record of Holy Scripture. Those presented and not known to be noble included: Adam, Cain, Abimelech, Laban the Syrian, the butler and baker of Pharoah, Pharaoh of Egypt, Balaam son of Beor, the Midianite man that told a dream unto his fellow soldier, an old prophet, Jehu the son of Nimshi, Nebuchadnezzar, Cyrus, and Caiaphas the high priest. Other named yet obscure prophets included: Ehud, Barak the son of Abinoam, both Manoah and his wife, Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, Agur the son of Jakeh, the mother of king Lemuel, Isaiah's wife, Zacharias the son of Barachias, etc. Individuals in both of these groups were placed in italic in the long list below because 1) they both received and reported God's words, 2) they are often overlooked, 3) and the biblical record gave ample evidence to call them a ‘prophet’ as defined above.

All kinds of prophets

The chronological list presented below, included named and unnamed prophets (but not false prophets). It was compiled from searching these kinds of terms used in Scripture: seer, prophet(ess), "man of God," prophecy, prophesied, "spake against," "the Lord said," "the word of the Lord," word + "came unto", message + Lord/God, messenger + Lord/God, "angel of the Lord appeared," dream(ed), "at night," vision, et cetera. The number of prophets was quite large because of what God said in 2 Chronicles 36:15, "And the Lord God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place." That word ‘betimes’ meant at the appropriate time, in due season, often, and early. God was quick to warn men and women to discourage proceeding into sin starting with Adam and Eve (Gen 2:16-17) and their son Cain (Gen 4:6-7) and continuing through human history.

Even now the people of God who share God's message of salvation in Christ Jesus and warn of God's punishment for sin are carrying on the very same work as done by a great many of those prophets reported in the Old Testament and early New Testament record. [see an alphabetical list of named New Testament disciples]

Mark 16:20 "And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen."

Acts 2:4, 11 "And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. ... we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God."

Acts 8:4 "Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word."

Acts 8:25 "And they, when they had testified and preached the word of the Lord, returned to Jerusalem, and preached the gospel in many villages of the Samaritans."

Acts 10:34-42 "Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him. The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:) That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him. And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead."

Acts 11:19 "Now they which were scattered abroad upon the persecution that arose about Stephen travelled as far as Phenice, and Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to none but unto the Jews only."

Acts 13:5, 42 "And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had also John to their minister. ... And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath."

2 Cor 5:20 "Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God."

Titus 1:3 "But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour."

Hebrews 2:3 "How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him."

"1 Peter 1:25 "But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you."

2 Peter 2:9 "The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished."

2 Peter 3:7 "But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men."



The chronological placements of these various prophets beginning from Adam through king Rehoboam were established by applying the material presented in “Rethinking Chronology from Abraham to Solomon by Applying Unused Texts”, by Brian Kuehmichel. The excellent work of Rodger C. Young resolved the time period of various kings of divided Israel (i.e. the kings of the two tribe kingdom of Judah and Benjamin, and the kings of the northern ten tribe kingdom of Israel). His work is reported in table form at www.rcyoung.org. R.C. Young's work provided the helpful framework to carefully place most of the prophets throughout the divided kingdom period.


The named and unnamed prophets of the OT and NT.
A chronological list of the named and unnamed prophets from the Old and New Testments of Holy Scripture.
compiled by Brian Kuehmichel©
These prophets are given in general order of occurrence and are collated with applicable contemporary events.
Those in italic font were very obscure but were declared prophets or were recipients of a message from God that was recorded as coming through them.
Note: Rows with a plus sign [+] have information supporting the time placement or concurrent service of various prophets.
Note: The sequential time notation, A-???, starts counting from the birth year of Abram in 2008 AM. (2008 AM = A-0 = 1951 BC)
 
Prophet name, title, lineage*
Scripture
Time period* or supporting information
Lifespan, event year, or period of service*
*(if given or discernible)

  Old Testament period before worldwide flood

Adam
Gen 1:1 — 3:24
creation account; established as steward over earth; temptation, fall, & punishment
0 AM (anno mundi)

Cain
Gen 4:6-15
pre flood
?25 - 35 AM (anno mundi), son of Adam & Eve

Enoch
Jude 1:14
pre flood
622–987 AM (anno mundi), seventh generation from Adam

Noah
Gen 6:13-22; 7:1; 8:15-22; 9:1-17
pre and post flood
1056–2006 AM; 2903–1953 BC

  Old Testament period after worldwide flood through Israelite exodus from Egypt

Noah or Shem?
Gen 11:6-7
"And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech."
circa 1990 AM; 1969 BC

Abraham
Gen 12:1-3; 15:1; 20:7, etc.
Gen 20:7 "Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live ..."
2008–2183 AM; A-0–175*; 1951–1776 BC

Hagar, Sarai's maid
Gen 16:7-13
Gen 16:7 "And the angel of the Lord found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai. And the angel of the Lord said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands. And the angel of the Lord said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude. And the angel of the Lord said unto her, Behold, thou art with child and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the Lord hath heard thy affliction. And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. And she called the name of the Lord that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?"
2018 AM; A-85; 1866 BC

Abimelech of Gerar
Gen 20:3, 6
Gen 20:3 "But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a man's wife.", "And God said unto him in a dream ..."
2168–2315 AM; A-160-307; 1791–1644 BC

Rebekah
Gen 25:22-23
Gen 28:12 "And the children struggled together within her; and she said, 'If it be so, why am I thus?' And she went to enquire of the Lord. And the Lord said unto her, 'Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.'"
2168 AM; A-160; 1791 BC

Isaac
Gen 26:2-5, 24
Gen 26:2-5 "And the Lord appeared unto him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of: Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father; And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws."
after 2188 AM; A-180; 1811 BC

Jacob / Israel
Gen 28:12-17; 31:3, 10-13; 49:1
Gen 28:12 "And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth ...", "And the angel of God spake unto me in a dream, saying, Jacob"
2168–2315 AM; A-160-307; 1791–1644 BC

Laban the Syrian
Gen 31:24-29, 42
"And God came to Laban the Syrian in a dream by night, and said unto him, Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad."
2265 AM; A-257; 1694 BC

Joseph
Gen 37:5-10; 40:1-23; 41:25; 50:25
received dreams from God, interpreted dreams, spoke of the departure of the tribes of Israel from Egypt
2259–2369 AM; A-251–361; 1700–1590 BC

butler & baker of Pharoah
Gen 40:5-13, 16-22
Gen 40:5 "And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream"
2287 AM; A-279; 1672 BC

Pharaoh of Egypt
Gen 41:8, 25
Gen 41:25 "And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, The dream of Pharaoh is one: God hath shewed Pharaoh what he is about to do."
2289 AM; A-281; 1670 BC

Job (Jaschub)
Job 19:23-24; 23:12; 42:1-11
Job / Jaschub Gen 46:13; Job 1:1; 1Chr 7:1; Job 19:33 "Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book!"
Lifetime: 2285–2425 AM; A-277–417; 1674-1534 BC, book of Job: 2355 AM; A-347; 1604 BC

Moses
Ex 3:2; 4:28; Deut 5:5; 18:15; 34:10; 2Chr 30:16; Acts 3:22
Deut 34:10 "And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face."
2433–2552 AM; A-425—544 11th month; 1526–1407 BC

Aaron
Exo 4:27; 7:1; 9:8; 12:43; Num 18:1
Exo 7:1 "And the Lord said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet."
2430–2552 AM; ~A-422—544 10th month; 1529–1407 BC

Miriam
Exo 15:20
"Miriam the prophetess"
~2428–2552 AM; ~A-420—544 1st month; ~1531–1407 BC

  Old Testament period after Israelite exodus from Egypt through wilderness journey

seventy elders (group 1)
Num 11:25
prophesied before tabernacle
2513 AM; A-505; 1446 BC

Eldad
Num 11:27
prophesied in camp of Israel
2513 AM; A-505; 1446 BC

Medad
Num 11:27
prophesied in camp of Israel
2513 AM; A-505; 1446 BC

Balaam, son of Beor at Pethor
Num 22 ch
Num 22:35 "And the angel of the Lord said unto Balaam, Go with the men: but only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak."
2552 AM; A-544; 1407 BC

  Old Testament after Israelites entered Canaan

Joshua
Josh 3:7-9; 5:5-9; 8:27; 1Kgs 16:34
1Kgs 16:34 "according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by Joshua the son of Nun" against rebuilding Jericho
2553 AM; A-545; 1406 BC

Eleazar the high priest
Jdg 1:1-2; (Num 20:26-28; 34:17); Jdg 20:18
Jdg 1:1-2 "Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the Lord, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them? And the Lord said, 'Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.'"
2553 AM; A-545; 1406 BC

Phinehas, the son of Eleazar the son of Aaron
Jdg 20:18, 23, 28
Jdg 20:18 "And the children of Israel arose, and went up to the house of God, and asked counsel of God, and said, Which of us shall go up first to the battle against the children of Benjamin? And the Lord said, Judah shall go up first."
2598 AM; A-590; 1361 BC

Ehud
Jdg 3:20
"I have a message from God unto thee."
2665 AM; A-657; 1294 BC

Deborah, a prophetess
Jdg 4:4-14; 5 ch
Jdg 4:4 "Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth"
2745 AM; A-737; 1214 BC

Barak the son of Abinoam
Jdg 5 ch
sang prophetic song with Deborah, Jdg 5
2745 AM; A-737; 1214 BC

a prophet
Jdg 6:8-10
just before 2812 AM; A-804; 1147 BC

[Midianite] man that told a dream unto his fellow
Jdg 7:12-14
Jdg 7:14 "This is nothing else save the sword of Gideon the son of Joash"
2812 Am; A-804; 1147 BC

Gideon
Jdg 6:11-12; chpts 6-7
Angel of the lord appeared to Gideon
2812 AM; A-804; 1147 BC

"man of God"
1Sam 2:27
1Sam 2:27 "And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him ..."
2869 AM; A-861; 1090 BC

Samuel
1Sam 3:11; 20-21; 8:7-10, 22; 9:6, 9, 17-19; 15:1, 10; 1Chr 29:29; Acts 3:24; 13:20
1Sam 3:21 "And the Lord appeared again in Shiloh: for the Lord revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the Lord." [Jdg 10:10-14, 2918 AM; A-910; 1041 BC]
lifespan: 2858–2947 AM; A-850--939; 1101–1012 BC
service began at age 12: 2870 AM; A-862; 1089 BC

Manoah
and his wife
Jdg 13:2-23
Angel of the lord appeared to Manoah's wife, and to Manoah
2899 AM; A-892; 1060 BC

company of prophets
(group 2)
1Sam 10:5
just after anointing of Saul
2909 AM; A-901; 1050 BC

company of prophets
(group 3)
1Sam 10:10-11
just after anointing of Saul
2909 AM; A-901; 1050 BC

  Old Testament period of Israelite kings: Combined kingdom

Saul
1Sam 10:10; 18:10
after evil spirit [of hatred] came upon Saul
lifespan: 2870-2949 AM; A-862–941; 1089–1010 BC
event: 2936 AM; A-928; 1023 BC

messengers of Saul (group 4) &
Saul
1Sam 19:20-24
after David fled to Samuel at Ramah
2940 AM; A-932; 1019 BC

Gad
1Sam 22:5; 2Sam 24:11; 1Chr 29:29; 2Chr 29:25
2Sam 24:11 "the word of the Lord came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer"
served within and after: 2944–2990 AM; A-936–982; 1015–969 BC

Abiathar, the high priest
1Sam 23:2, 9-12; 30:7-9; 2Sam 2:1; 5:19; 1Chr 14:10
conveyed God's answers to David's inquiries
began late 2940 AM; A-932; 1019 BC and served until 2989 AM; A-981t; 970t BC

David
2Sam 23:1-3; 1Chr 22:8; 2Chr 8:14; 29:25; Neh 12:24, 36; Acts 2:29-31; Psa 68; 110; etc.
musician, singer, psalmist, prophet, established Levitical temple service orders and building design, extensive preview of Christ
lifespan: 2919–2990 AM; A-911–982; 1040-969 BC, king: 2949–2990 AM; A-941–982; 928–969 BC

Nathan
2Sam 7:4; 12:25; 1Chr 17:3-15; 29:29; 1Kgs 1:8-45; 2Chr 29:25
2 Samuel 7:2 "That the king said unto Nathan the prophet"
served within and after: 2949–2990 AM; A-941–982; 1010–969 BC

Zadok
2Sam 15:27
priest before David, high priest before Solomon (1Kgs 2:26-27; 4:4)
priest service: 2937–2992 AM; A-929–984; 1022–967 BC

Asaph
1Chr 25:1-2; 2Chr 29:30; 35:15
singer of God's songs, he also wrote various psalms (Psa 73 through 83)
served within: 2961–2990 AM; A-953–982; 998–969 BC

Heman
1Chr 25:1, 5; 2Chr 35:15
singer of God's songs
served within: 2961–2990 AM; A-953–982; 998–969 BC

Jeduthun
1Chr 25:1, 3; 2Chr 35:15
singer of God's songs
served within: 2961–2990 AM; A-953–982; 998–969 BC

Solomon
1Kgs 3:5; 6:11; 9:3; 11:9; 1Kgs 11:11; 2Chr 1:7; 7:12
heard messages from God, wrote proverbs, etc.
lifespan: 2959–3028 AM; A-951-1020; 1000–931 BC,
king: 2989–3028 AM; A-981–1020; 970–931 BC

Agur the son of Jakeh
Pro 30:1
"The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, even the prophecy: the man spake unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal"
[unknown]

mother of king Lemuel
Pro 31:1
"The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him."
[unknown]

Ahijah the Shilonite, of Judah
1Kgs 11:29; 12:15; 14:2, 5, 18; 2Chr 9:29; 10:15
from 1Kgs 11:29 through 14:18, anointed Jeroboam to rule 10 tribes
3027 AM; A-1019; 932 BC
 
[chronological progression]
1Kgs 12:1 "And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king." 3027 AM; A-1019; 932 BC

  Old Testament period of Israelite kings: Divided kingdoms

Shemaiah man of God
1Kgs 12:22-24; 2Chr 11:2-4
1Kgs 12:22-23a "But the word of God came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying, Speak unto Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin ..."
3027 AM; A-1019; 932 BC

man of God, of Judah [Ahijah or another?]
1Kgs 13:11
from 1Kgs 13:1-32, spoke against idolatry of Jeroboam and his altar
3028 AM; A-1020; 931 BC

old prophet
1Kgs 13:11-32
from 1Kgs 13:11-32, tested the man of God, of Judah
3028 AM; A-1020; 931 BC

Shemaiah (from above)
1Kgs 13:1-34; 14:25 2Chr 12:5-7
spoke to Rehoboam because of Shishak king of Egypt
3032 AM; A-1024; 927 BC

Iddo
2Chr 12:15; 13:22
Shemaiah & Iddo wrote book of genealogies, i.e. 1 Chronicles lineage lists; Iddo outlived Abijah 2Chr 13:22
after 3032 AM; A-1024; 927 BC
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 13:1 in the eighteenth year [914n to 913n BC] of king Jeroboam [reign: 931n-910n] began Abijah to reign over Judah. Abijah reigned: 3045-3048 AM; A-1037-1040; 914 Nisan/914 Tishri—911 Tishri BC
[ [Hereafter month Tishri = t; month Nisan = n. Ex: 909n BC, 912t BC.]
[chronological progression]
2Chr 14:1 Asa, son of Abijah, "in the twentieth year [912n to 912n BC] of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah". Asa reigned: 3047-3088 AM; A-1039-1080; 912t-871t BC, *Note 1Kgs 15:18-20 Benhadad of Syria began afflicting northern kingdom
[chronological progression]
1Kgs 15:33 "In the third year [910t-909t BC] of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years." Asa reigned: 912t-871t [thus 3050 AM; A-1042; 909n BC] Baasha reigned: 3050-3073 AM; A-1042-1065; 909n-886n BC

Azariah the son of Oded
2Chr 15:1-8 [not the same as 2Chr 28:9]
"the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded" with message to Asa
Asa reigned 912t-871t BC, message came while returning from battle of 2Chr 14, thus 3050 AM; A-1042; 909n-909t BC
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 16:1 "In the six and thirtieth [i.e. the six and twentieth, note 1 Kings 15:33; 16:8] year of the reign of Asa [the 26th year => 887t to 886t BC, while the 36th year => 877t to 876t BC] Baasha king of Israel came up against Judah." Asa reigned: 912t-871t BC, thus from 887t to 886t BC and before Baash died [reign: 3050-3073 AM; A-1042-1065; 909n-886n BC]. Else this was Omri who reigned 885n-874n BC.
[chronological progression]
1Kgs 16:8 In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah [887 to 886 BC] began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, [across] two [calendar] years. Elah reigned: 3073-3074 AM; A-1065-1066; 886n-885n BC
[chronological progression]
Omri, the captain of the host, made king over Israel. 1Kgs 16:16-23 "In the thirty and first year [882t to 881t BC] of Asa king of Judah began Omri to [have sole] reign over Israel, twelve years."
Asa reigned: 912t-871t; Omri reigned: 885n-874n BC. The 31st year from 912t was from 882t to 881t BC. This was clarified in 1 Kings 16:21-22, "Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri. But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned [alone]." Thus Omri was recognized by Israel and Judah as effectively Israel's king later in 881 BC with Tibni's death by 880n BC.

Hanani the seer
2Chr 16:1, 7
shortly after "the six and thirtieth year [877t-876t BC] of the reign of Asa" "Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah"
~ 3084 AM; A-1076; 875 BC

Jehu the son of Hanani the seer
1Kgs 16:1-8, 12; 2Chr 19:2-3
spoke against Baasha, king of Israel, and against his house [of Jeroboam king of Israel, then Baasha (1Kgs 15:16), then Elah (1Kgs 16:8) while Asa reigned in Judah 41 years]
Baasha: 909n-886n BC; Asa: 912t-871t, thus during 3050-3073 AM; A-1042-1065; 909n-886n BC.
 
[chronological progression]
1Kgs 16:29 "in the thirty and eighth year [875t-874t BC] of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel" Asa reigned: 912t-871t BC, thus in 874n BC with Ahab's reign: 3085-3106 AM; A-1077-1098; 874n-853n.

Obadiah
Obadiah 1:1
[possible time period, 1Ki 18:3,4; or possibly "Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun", 1Chr 9:16; more likely Jehoshaphat's governor, 2Chr 17:7 "he sent to his princes, even to Benhail, and to Obadiah, and to Zechariah, and to Nethaneel, and to Michaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah."] Re: Edom, Idumea [Seir; people of the east]
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 17–19; 1Kgs 15:24 Jehoshaphat, son of Asa, reigned in Judah. Jehoshaphat reigned: 3086-3110 AM; A-1078-1102; 873t-849t BC with 2 year co-reign with Asa from 873t to 871t BC.

Elijah the Tishbite, of Gilead
1Kgs 17:1-2, 16, 18; 18:36; 19 chpt; 2Kgs 1:3, 15; 2Chr 21:12
from 1Kgs 17:1through 2Kgs 2:11

[Elijah died after the death of Ahaziah of Israel after 852n BC and possibly after anointing Jehu the son of Nimshi before or during 841n BC. See both 2Kgs 1:1-18 and 2Kgs 2:5 below.]

Ahab reigned: 3085-3106 AM; A-1077-1098; 874n-853n BC, thus Elijah's recorded service began 874n BC.
 
Elijah lived through these events: 1Kgs 19:15-16 "anoint Hazael to be king over Syria" (c. 842–800 BC); "And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room." Jehu reigned: 3118-3145 AM; A-1110-1137; 841n-814n BC. Thus Elijah served from 3085 AM; A-1077; 874n BC to the very latest at 3118 AM; A-1110; 841n BC. [see 1Kgs 17:1-2 just above and both 2Kgs 1:1-18 and 2Kgs 2:5 below]

Joel, the son of Pethuel
Joel 1:1-2
possible time period: 3 1/2yr famine of 1Kgs 18:2, or dearth of 2Kgs 4:38, or famine of 2Kgs 6:25, or 7yr famine of 2Kgs 8:1, or famine of 2Kgs 25:3, or Jer 14:15-16; 21:9; 52:6, thus after 874n BC.

100 other prophets (group 5)
1Kgs 18:4, 13
3 1/2 year famine from 1Kgs 17:1; 18:3-4; and Luke 4:25
Thus the earliest 3 1/2 year period was from 874n to 871t BC.
 
[chronological progression]
1Kgs 18; Elijah the Tishbite on mount Carmel was 3088AM; A-1106; 871t BC and probably the 10th day of Tishri, the day of the annual atonement sacrifice.

Elisha, son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah
1Kgs 19:16; 2Kgs 2:15, 22; 8:1
Elisha served from 1Kgs 19:19 through 2Kgs 13:20 [during Ahab's reign: 3085-3106 AM; A-1077-1098; 874n-853n.), "in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel" (1Kgs 22:41, 870n to 869n BC), Jehoram the son of Ahab (reigned: 852n-841n BC), Jehoshaphat the king of Judah (reigned: 873t-849t BC), and Joram the king of Israel (reigned: 852n-841n BC)].
Elisha served from late 3088 AM; A-1080; 871 BC through the 7 year famine of 2Kgs 8:1 which ended around 3144 AM; A-1106; 845 BC and died later [by about 799 BC, with service of about 70 years, about age 100]. [See 2Kgs 13:14 below]

a prophet
1Kgs 20:13-21
with Ahab king of Israel (reign: 3085-3106 AM; A-1077-1098; 874n-853n) against Benhadad the king of Syria with 32 more kings.
Thus in 3088 AM; A-1080; 871 BC [see 1Kgs 22:1-2 below].

"man of God"
1Kgs 20:22-34
"at the return of the year" with Ahab king of Israel against Benhadad the king of Syria with army captains.
Thus early in 3089 AM; A-1081; 870 BC [see 1Kgs 22:1-2 below].

man of sons of the prophets
1Kgs 20:35-43
against Ahab king of Israel preserving life of Benhadad the king of Syria.
Thus by late 3089 AM; A-1081; 870 BC [see 1Kgs 22:1-2 below].
 
[chronological progression]
1Kgs 21; Elijah the Tishbite spoke against Ahab king of Samaria regarding the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, between late 870 to late 869 BC.
1Kgs 22:1-2 was from 870 to 868 BC, "And they continued three years without war between Syria and Israel". Because Asa king of Judah died in 871t BC and the third year of Jehoshaphat's sole reign started in 869t BC those events above from 1 Kgs 19 through 21 preceeded or fit within 871t to 868 BC.

Micaiah the son of Imla
1Kgs 22:1-2, 8-28; 2Chr 18:8-27
Jehoshaphat king of Judah (3086-3110 AM; A-1078-1102; 873t-849t BC, with co-reign 873t to 871t) with Ahab king of Israel (reign: 3085-3106 AM; A-1077-1098; 874n-853n), "Wilt thou go with me to battle to Ramothgilead?", in preparation against Benhadad the king of Syria.
Micaiah served within 3090-3091 AM; A-1082-1083; 869t to 868t BC with best fit early in 868 BC after the rainy season which ended in the second month of Zif (Ayar).
 
[chronological progression]
1Kgs 22:51 Ahab king of Israel died 853n BC. "Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel." The seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat's sole reign was during 3104-3105 AM; A-1096-1097: 855t to 854t BC.
Jehoshaphat reigned 873t-849t BC but his sole reign started after Asa died in 871t BC. For 1Kgs 22:51 to be technically correct Ahaziah began his reign before the beginning of the calendar year [871 - 17 = 854]. This probably started during 854 Tishri BC or a little later. Ahaziah of Israel was described as reigning for (or during) two years but essentially Ahaziah reigned from very late in the calendar year: 3105-3107 AM; A-1097-1099; 854/853n-852n BC.

Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph (a prophet with king David)
2Chr 20:14
2Chr 20:1 "the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them other beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle." Jahaziel said, "And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the Lord unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle is not yours, but God's."
Thus after the start of 3106 AM; A-1098; 853n and before 852n BC, probably in the second month Zif of 853 BC.

Eliezer, the son of Dodavah of Mareshah
2Chr 20:37
(after 2Chr 20:14) vs 35-36, "And after this did Jehoshaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel (853n-852n BC), who did very wickedly: And he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish: and they made the ships in Eziongaber." He prophesied against Jehoshaphat who reigned 873t-849t BC.
Thus after the start of 3106 AM; A-1098; after 853n and before 852n BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 21:5-6, 20 "Jehoram was thirty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel ..." Jehoram (Joram) reigned: 3105-3117 AM; A-1097-1109; 854t-842t BC with a co-reign with Jehoshaphat of 5 years from 854t-849t BC and 7 year sole reign 3110-3117 AM; A-1102-1109; 849-842 BC.
[chronological progression]

1Kgs 22:51 said, Ahaziah the son of Ahab, king of Israel began in "the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned [during] two [calendar] years over Israel." (1Kgs 22:51). After this Ahaziah the son of Ahab, king of Israel died in 3107 AM; A-1099; 852n BC. Then after Jehoshaphat of Judah died in 849t BC his son Jehoram (Joram) reigned: 3110-3117 AM; A-1102-1109; 849t-842t BC, but his co-reign with Jehoshaphat started in 3105 AM; A-1097; 854t BC.

The Jehoram (Joram) of Israel reigned after Ahaziah during 852n-841n which began in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. [Thus Jehoram of Judah in 854t - 2 years => 852n to start Joram of Israel, reign: 3107-3118 AM; A-1099-1110; 852n-841n BC.]

*** This meant 2Kgs 1:1-18 with Elijah the Tishbite was spoken against Ahaziah of northern Israel during 853n-852n BC. ***

[chronological progression]
2Kgs 3 Jehoram (Joram) the son of Ahab began as king of Israel and reigned: 852n-841n BC; Jehoshaphat the king of Judah reigned 873t-849t BC opposed king of Moab with a prophecy by way of Elisha the son of Shaphat, thus during 852n to 849t BC.
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 4:18, 26-32 Elisha with widow with oil; and woman of Shunem given a son with later revival to life while a child less than age 12 [a lad was age 12-19], his birth was after 852n amd perhaps toward 845 BC.
[chronological progression]
2Chr 21:12 "there came a writing to him [Jehoram of Judah] from Elijah the prophet" early during 849t-842t BC.
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 5 Naaman the Syrian healed of leprosy through Elisha, after 852n and about 845 BC.
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 6 Benhadad king of Syria gathered all his host & besieged Samaria (2Kgs 6:24) with miracle by Elisha, thus after 852n and by later 843 BC. [Possible time of 7 year famine ~ 848t to 841 BC, ends 2Kgs 8.]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 6:24-7:20 Elisha during famine (2Kgs 6:25) and seige by Syria at Samaria said, "Thus saith the Lord, To morrow about this time shall a measure of fine flour be sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria." "For the Lord had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host:" later 843 to 842 BC.
Elijah was directed to anointed Jehu the son of Nimshi (1 Kings 19:16, but see 2Kgs 9:1 where Elisha sent "one of the children of the prophets" to anoint Jehu) who was to destroy Ahab's family and reign over Israel. Jehu began to reign 841n BC. Thus Elijah's death occurred by 3118 AM; A-1110; 841n BC. [see Elijah at both 1Kgs 17:1-2 and 2Kgs 1:1-8 above]

sons of the prophets at Bethel (group 6)
2Kgs 2:3
"that were at Bethel came forth to Elisha" regarding Elijah's impending death
[This was given out of chronological order to finish the acount of Elijah, but fit here before 3118 AM; A-1110; 841n BC.]

sons of the prophets at Jericho (group 7)
2Kgs 2:5
"that were at Jericho came to Elisha" about Elijah's death, 2Kgs 2:1-11; Elisha started earlier at 1Kgs 19:16; 2Kgs 2:12-25
[This was given out of chronological order to finish the account of Elijah, but fit here before 3118 AM; A-1110; 841n BC.]
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 8, famine of 7 years length (2Kgs 8:1). Benhadad the king of Syria was sick & killed. Hazael began king of Syria (2Kgs 8:13, c. 842–800 BC), in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah (2Kgs 8:16), Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign, then Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah began co-reign for 6 months from 3117-3118 AM; A-1109-1110; 842t-841n BC and also died. Jezebel died 3118 AM; A-1110; 841n BC. See 2Kgs 8:26—2Kgs 9:37
"And in the fifth year (848n-847n BC) of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign." (2Kgs 8:25, co-reign 854t and sole reign 848n/848t-842t BC), Jehoram's whole reign: 3105-3117 AM; A-1097-1109; 854t-842t BC.

one of the children of the prophets
2Kgs 9:1-10
[Joram (Jehoram) of Israel died (3118 AM; A-1110; 841n BC) by Jehu, Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi began as king of Israel for 27 years, 3118-3145 AM; A-1110-1137; 841n-814n BC.]
3118 AM; A-1110; 841n BC
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 22:1; 2 Kings 9:16-27 "Ahaziah the son of Jehoram [Joram] king of Judah reigned." 2Chr 22:7-9 "destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram: for when he was come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi" reigned: 6 months from 3117 AM; A-1109; 842t-841n BC.
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 10:1-29 [Jehu slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks, and his priests, until he left him none remaining by about 3117 AM; A-1109; 842t BC.]
[chronological progression]
2Chr 22:10-12 Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah reigned over the land six years, 841n/841t to 835n/835t BC.

Jehu the son of Nimshi
2Kgs 10:30
2Kgs 10:30 "And the Lord said unto Jehu, Because thou hast done well in executing that which is right in mine eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that was in mine heart, thy children of the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Israel."
sometime after late 3118 AM; A-1110; 841 BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 10:31-32 "But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the Lord God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin. In those days the Lord began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel" sometime after 3119 AM; A-1111; 840n BC."

Habakkuk
Hab 1:1
probably, the son of the Shunammite, whom Elisha raised from the dead; the etymology of his name came in the words of the prophet to her, "about this season, according to the time of life, thou shalt embrace a son", 2Ki 4:16, and they account for the doubling of the last radical in his name, because of the two embraces of him, one by his mother, and the other by the prophet., John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. If so, this likely occurred after he was about age 30 somewhere around: 3137 AM; A-1129; 822 BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 11-13 [In the seventh year of Jehu [of Israel] Jehoash (Joash the son of Ahaziah, 2Chr 22:11; 23:1-21) began 40 year reign over Judah (2Chr 24:1) 3124-3163 AM; A-1116-1155; 835n/835t-796n BC.
[God "sent prophets to them" over a long period]
[2Chr 24:18-19; Ezra 9:10-11; Neh 9:30]
["And they [princes of Judah (the same was true for the leaders of northern 10 tribes of Israel)] left the house of the Lord God of their fathers, and served groves and idols: and wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem for this their trespass. Yet he sent prophets to them, to bring them again unto the Lord; and they testified against them [leaders & princes of Judah]: but they would not give ear."]
God had sent over 125 various kinds of prophets (listed herein) from king David in 928 BC until around 815 BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 13 In the three and twentieth year [813-812 BC] of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah (835n/835t-796n BC) Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years 813n-796n BC. By about the 25th year Jehoida died at age 130, about 812 BC (2Chr 24:15-15)

Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest
2Chr 24:20-22
Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest spoke against the corruption of Joash, leaders, and Israelites after Jehoiada died at 130 years (2Chr 24:15-16). Then Zechariah was stoned in the court of the temple. [Not the same person as Matt 23:35 shown below.]
This was in the later part of 40 year reign of Joash 3123-3163 AM; A-1115-1155; 836t-796t BC.
 
[chronological progression]
[2Kgs 13:14 Elisha died [by 799 Tishri, see 1Kgs 19:16 above, with service of about 70 years, about age 100]; Joash the king of Israel visited him. [In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah (836t - 37th year => 799t-798t BC) began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years 3161-3177 AM; A-1153-1169; 798n-782n BC.]]
[chronological progression]
[2Chr 25:1 Then Amaziah his son [i.e of Joash of Judah] reigned 29 years (2Chr 25:1), 3163-3192 AM; A-1155-1184; 796n-768t/767n BC.]

Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, of Gathhepher
2Kgs 14:25; Jonah 1:1
2Kgs 14; 2Chr 25:1, Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah began 29 year reign 797t-768t BC. Jeroboam II son of Joash (Jehoash) king of Israel began to reign 41 years in Samaria 3166-3206 AM; A-1158-1198; 793n-753n BC [across 41 calendar years].
Jonah served across 3162-3206 AM; A-1154-1198; 797n-753n BC.

"a man of God"
2Chr 25:7-9
"But there came a man of God to him, saying, O king, let not the army of Israel go with thee; for the Lord is not with Israel, to wit, with all the children of Ephraim. But if thou wilt go, do it; be strong for the battle: God shall make thee fall before the enemy: for God hath power to help, and to cast down. ..."
Sometime during 3162-3191 AM; A-1154-1183; 797n-768n BC.

a prophet
2Chr 25:14-16
The "anger of the Lord was kindled against Amaziah" because "he brought the gods of the children of Seir, and set them up to be his gods, and bowed down himself before them, and burned incense unto them." "Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand?"
Later during 3162-3191 AM; A-1154-1183; 797n-768n BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 25:25 Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years, from ~782n - 15 => 767t BC., 3163-3192 AM; A-1155-1184; 796n-767n/767t BC.

Amos, of Tekoa
Amos 1:1; 7:6, 15
"The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah [791t-740t BC], and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel [793n - 753n BC], two years before the earthquake." [see reference to this earthquake in Zech 14:5] Amos 7:12 "Amaziah said unto Amos" before Amaziah died.
Thus Amos served before 3191 AM; A-1183; 768t BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 15; 15:1-2; 2Chr 26:1 [In the twenty and seventh year [767n-766n BC] of Jeroboam king of Israel [reign: 3166-3206 AM; A-1158-1198; 793n-753n BC] began Azariah (Uzziah, 2Chr 26:1) son of Amaziah king of Judah to [have sole] reign [co-reign: 791t-767n/767t BC] in all he reigned across 52 calendar years [3168-3219 AM; A-1160-1211; 791t-740t BC].

Hosea
Hos 1:1-2 see Micah 1:1
"The word of the Lord that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah (791t-740t BC), Jotham (751t-736t BC), Ahaz (732t-716t BC), and Hezekiah (716t-687t BC), kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel (793n-753n BC)."
Thus Hosea started after 3168 AM; A-1160; 791 BC and served past 3243 AM; A-1235; 716t BC with Hezekiah.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 15:8 [In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah (i.e. Uzziah, 754t-753t BC) king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months 753 Elul-752 Adar BC.]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 15:23 [In the fiftieth year [742t-741t BC] of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years 3217-3219 AM; A-1209-1211; 742n-740n BC.]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 15:27 [In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah (i.e. Uzziah, 2Chr 26:1) king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years. 3207-3227 AM; A-1199-1219; 752n-732n BC]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 15:32; 2Chr 27:1 [In the second year of Pekah (751n-750n BC) the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign [best fit in his 25th year], [co-reign: 750n/750t], sole reign: 740t-735n/735t BC.] for 16 calendar years 3209-3224 AM; A-1201-1216; 750n/750t-735n/735t BC.]

Isaiah the prophet, son of Amoz
Isa 1:1; 6:1; and during 2Kgs 19:2, 20; 2Chr 26:22
Isa 1:1 "in the days of Uzziah (791t-740t BC), Jotham (751t-736t BC), Ahaz (732t-716t BC), and Hezekiah (716t-687t BC), kings of Judah."
Thus Isaiah served from before 3219 AM; A-1211; 740t and past 3243 AM; A-1235; 716t BC.

Isaiah's wife
Isa 8:3
Isaiah married a prophetess
She served somewhere across 3219 AM; A-1211; 740t and past 3243 AM; A-1235; 716t BC.
 
[chronological progression]
Isa 6:1 "In the year that king Uzziah died" (3219 AM; A-1211; 740t BC)

Micah
Micah 1:1; Jer 26:18
"The word of the Lord that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham (751t-736t BC), Ahaz (732t-716t BC), and Hezekiah (716t-687t BC), kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem." and "in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah" (716t-687t BC)
Thus he served from before 3223 AM; A-1215; 736t and past 3243 AM; A-1235; 740716t BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 16:1-2 [In the seventeenth year [736n-735n BC] of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign. Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to [co-]reign [3224 AM; A-1216; 735n BC], and reigned sixteen years ... [sole reign] 3227-3243 AM; A-1219-1235; 732t-716t BC.]

Oded the prophet
2Chr 28:8-11 [not the same as 2Chr 15:1-8]
"the children of Israel carried away captive" by Pekah the son of Remaliah; "[Oded] went out before the host that came to Samaria, and said unto them, Behold, because the Lord God of your fathers was wroth with Judah, he hath delivered them into your hand, and ye have slain them in a rage that reacheth up unto heaven."
Oded served somewhere during 3207-3227 AM; A-1199-1219; 752n-732n BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 16:1-2; 2Chr 28:1 [In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah (752n-732n BC) Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign. [co-reign: 735n/735t], sole reign: 732t-716t BC]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 15:30; 2Chr 27:1 [And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah (752n-732n BC), and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead (3227-3236 AM; A-1219-1228; 732n-723n BC), in the twentieth year of Jotham [If born in 775 BC and start his 25th year of life in 751 BC and thus age 25 in 750n BC. Then from 751 to 732 BC fits "in the 20th year of Jotham" from 2Kgs 15:30. Both 2Kgs 15:30 and 2Chr 27:1 then fit together.] Else, "in the twentieth year of Jotham" the son of Uzziah started in 3227 AM; A-1219; 732t BC.]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 17:1 ["In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah" [i.e. from his birth in 743 BC to sole reign; co-reign 735n/735t, sole reign 3227-3243 AM; A_1219-1235; 732t-716t BC.] [Then in 732n BC] "began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years" 3227-3236 AM; A-1219-1228; 732n-723n BC.]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 18:1; 2Chr 29:1 ["Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel (732n-723n BC), that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign." coreign: 729t/728n-716t, sole reign for 29 years: 716t-687t BC]
[chronological progression]
Samaria besieged, carried Israel unto Assyria. 2Kgs 17:6 "In the ninth year of Hoshea [king of Israel] the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes." 2Kgs 18:9 "And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah [coreign: 729t/728n-716t BC, thus 726t-725t BC], which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel [726n-725n BC, the concurrent period was between 726t to 725n], that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it. And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is in the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken." Hoshea reigned 732n-723n BC, this removal process started just before 3237 AM; A-1229; 722n BC.

Nahum the Elkoshite
Nahum 1:1
probably, in the reign of Hezekiah, and contemporary with Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, and Micah; after the northern ten tribes were carried captive by the king of Assyria in the sixth year of Hezekiah and before Sennacherib's invasion of Judea and his siege of Jerusalem in the fourteenth year of his reign", John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 18:13 "Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them." 2Kgs 19:2, 20; Isa 36:2 [Rabshakeh sent from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah; Isa 37:2 And he sent Eliakim, Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.]

Sennacherib king of Assyria
[If he is telling the truth.]
2Kgs 18:25
"Am I now come up without the Lord against this place to destroy it? The Lord said to me, Go up against this land, and destroy it."
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 30 [feast of passover in second month by Hezekiah, 3244 AM; A-1236; 715 Zif BC.]
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 20:1, 6; 2Chr 32:24 "In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death." 14 years into reign [3257 AM; A-1249; 702 BC]; "And I will add unto thy days fifteen years.", added reign: 702-687t BC.

the seers that spake to him in the name of the Lord God of Israel (group 8)
2Kgs 21:1; 2Chr 33:1; 2Chr 33:18-19
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned [across] 55 [calendar] years in Jerusalem. Son Amon reigned 2 years, then Josiah.
They served during Manasseh's reign 3262-3316 AM; A-1254-1308; 697t-643t BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 33:21 "Amon was two and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned two years in Jerusalem.", reign: 3316-3318 AM; A-1308-1310; 643t-641t BC.
[chronological progression]
2Chr 34:1 "Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years.", reign: 3318-3349 AM; A-1310-1341; 641t-610t BC.

Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah
2Kgs 22:14; 2Chr 34:22
during reign of Josiah who at 8 years of age began to reign 31 years in Jerusalem. [note her prophecy in 2Chr 34:23-28]
Huldah served somewhere during 3318-3349 AM; A-1310-1341; 641t-610t BC.

Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah
Zeph 1:1; [2Kgs 23:27]
"The word of the Lord which came unto Zephaniah ..., in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah."
He served during 3318-3349 AM; A-1310-1341; 641t-610t BC.

Jeremiah
Jer 1:2-4; 20:1; 25:1, 13; 50:1; 2Chr 35:20-25; 36:12
"To whom the word of the Lord came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah (641t-610t BC), in the thirteenth year of his reign." [see below Jer 25:1] His period of prophetic service proceeded to "It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the carrying away of Jerusalem captive in the fifth month (Ab)."
The first prophecy of Jer 1:2 occurred during 3330-3331 AM; A-1322-1323; 629t-628t BC. The 11th year of Zedekiah was 3371-3372 AM; A-1363-1364; 588-587 BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 23:23; 2Chr 35:1-19 "In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept." thus 3336 AM; A-1328; 623n BC.

Necho king of Egypt
2Chr 35:21-22
"for God commanded me [i.e. Pharaohnechoh] to make haste: forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with me, that he destroy thee not." Josiah hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, was injured at valley of Megiddo, and died there (2Kgs 23:29-30).
This battle was just before 3349 AM; A-1341; 610t BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 23; 2Chr 36; 2Chr 36:1-2 Jehoahaz at age 23 began to reign 3 months [609 Tammuz-609 Tishri BC]. Then made Pharaohnechoh "Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim." (2Chr 36:4), at age 25 and reigned 11 years 3350-3361 AM; A-1342-1353; 609t-598t BC.
[chronological progression]
Jer 25:1 "The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim [Eliakim, 606t-605t BC] the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year [3354 AM; A-1346; 605 BC] of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon."
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 24:1-9 Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years (9-11th year of reign, 601-598t BC). Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead 3 months [and 10 days, 598 21 Heshvan (aka: Bul / Marchesvan) to 597 2 Adar BC]. 2Kgs 24:12 "and the king of Babylon [Nebuchadnezzar] took him in the eighth year of his reign". This became the 1st year of Nebuchadnezzar's rule over Jerusalem, as used below.
[chronological progression]
2Kgs 24:10-17 "And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah." for an [almost] 11 year reign: 597 2 Adar - 587 9 Tammuz BC.

Igdaliah, a man of God
Jer 35:4
"Igdaliah, the man of God"
He served before 3372AM; A-1364; 587 BC.

Daniel
Dan 2:1-49; 6:28; 7:1; 9:1-4, 21-23; 10:1; etc.

He began "in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar" Either [from Jer 25:1, first year from 2Kgs 24:1-9 above: 600 BC, then 2nd year: 599 BC] OR preferably [from taking captives of Jerusalem (Jer 20:4; 27:20, 29:1-4; 2Kgs 24:14-16 which included Daniel, etc.) in 597 2 Adar BC; with the 2nd year in 596 BC]. "Then was the secret revealed unto Daniel in a night vision. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven."

Much later, Dan 9:1 "In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans."

Thus Daniel served from 3363 AM; A-1355; 596 BC until his death during the reign of Darius the son of Ahasuerus (Dan 6:28; 9:1; 10:1).

Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi
Eze 1:1-3; 2:1-3; 16:2
Eze 1:1-2 "Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year" Either [after the last passover, Josiah's passover of 622 BC] Or preferably, [Ezekiel's 30th year—the year of full service as priest (Num 4:3, 23, etc.).], in the fourth month [Tammuz], "in the fifth day of the month [5 Tammuz], as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God. In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity." [Both Jehoiachin and Ezekiel entered captivity on 597 2 Adar BC, thus 592 5 Tammuz BC.]
He was in captivity and moved into Babylon (2Kgs 24) from 3362AM; A-1354; 597 BC until death. Thus Ezekiel started 3367AM; A-1359; 592 5 Tammuz BC.
 
[chronological progression]
2Chr 36:17-21 Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Chaldees, destroyed temple and Jerusalem in 3372AM; A-1364; 587 9 Tammuz BC.

Nebuchadnezzar
Dan 2:1-49; 4:1-37

Dan 2:1 "And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar [i.e. over Jerusalem] [he] dreamed ...", thus after 587 9 Tammuz. Or if using the second calendar year of rule over Jerusalem, then possibly a few months/weeks before before 587 9 Tammuz.

Dan 4:1 "Nebuchadnezzar the king, unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied unto you. I thought it good to shew the signs and wonders that the high God hath wrought toward me. How great are his signs! and how mighty are his wonders! his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion is from generation to generation ... And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from generation to generation:"

Some time after 596 BC, preferably about 3372AM; A-1364; 587 9 Tammuz BC.

Cyrus the Persian
Isa 44:28; 45:1-4; 2Chr 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-11; 5:13-17; 6:3
"That saith of Cyrus [reign over Babylon and Israel c. 550-529 BC], He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure", "in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia", "Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the Lord God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The Lord his God be with him, and let him go up."
Cyrus reign circa 3409-3430AM; A-1401-1422; 550-529 BC.

Haggai
Haggai 1:1, 13, 1:1–2:10, etc; Ezra 5:1; 6:14
"In the second year of Darius the king [reign c. 522-486 BC], in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the Lord by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest ..."
circa 3438 AM; A-1430; 521 BC.

Zechariah, the son of Iddo; Ezra 5:1; 6:14 [Neh 12:16]; Zech 1:1, 7; 7:1; 11:13, 15
Ezra 5:1; 6:14 [Neh 12:16]; Zech 1:1, 7; 7:1
"In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius [reign c. 522-486 BC], came the word of the Lord unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet"
circa 3438 AM; A-1430; 521 BC.

Malachi
Mal 1:1; 3:10
"The burden of the word of the Lord to Israel by Malachi."
served after the rebuilt temple dedication (circa 3443 AM; A-1435; 516 BC) and probably prior to the return of the next wave of resettlers from Babylon and Persia under Nehemiah and Ezra

Zacharias son of Barachias
Matt 23:35
"That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar." (Matt 23:35)
[possible time period, after Malachi and before priest Zacharias of Luke 1:5, or 2Kgs 18:1-2]

  New Testament period before Jesus' ministry, death, and resurrection

Zacharias the priest
Luke 1:5-11, 67-79
birth of Jesus, purpose of Jesus' incarnation

Mary, mother of Jesus
Luke 1:26-38
birth of Jesus, purpose of Jesus' incarnation

Joseph
Matt 1:18-21; 2:13, 19-20, 22-23
received dreams/messages from God to 1) take Mary as his wife and to rear her child from God, 2) to flee into Egypt, 3) to return from Egypt, 4) to go to an area in Galilee

Elisabeth
Luke 1:41-45
purpose of Jesus' incarnation

Simeon
Luke 2:25-35
purpose of Jesus' incarnation

Anna the prophetess, daughter of Phanuel, of tribe As(h)er
Luke 2:36-38
purpose of Jesus' incarnation

John the baptist
Matt 11:10-13; 14:1-2, 12; 21:26; Mark 1:2; 1:14-17, 65-66, 76-79; 3:2; 6:14-19; 7:24-28; 11:13, 19, 32; 16:16; 20:6; Luke 3:2, 16; 7:28; John 1:6, 15, 26-27, 29-31
"For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist."
began in time just before and during early ministry of Christ Jesus to prepare people for Jesus' ministry

  New Testament period - Jesus' ministry

Jesus the Christ
Matt 3:13-17; Luke 3:21-22; 21 ch; John 3:34; 14:10; Acts 3:22-23; 7:37; Rev 1:1
John 3:34 "For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him."
3 1/2 year ministry

the woman of Samaria at Sychar
John 4:1-43
"Jesus saith unto her ..." "The woman then left her waterpot, and went her way into the city, and saith to the men, Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?"
during early ministry of Christ Jesus before the twelve were named

twelve apostles, includes Judas Iscariot (group 9)
Acts 1:8; 2:32; 4:29-33; 6:2; 9:29; 13:46; 15:28-29; 1 Cor 2:13; 12:28; Eph 2:20; 3:5; Heb 13:7; 2 Pet 3:2; Jude 1:17-18; etc.
Matt 10:2-4 "Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot" "These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them". Each spoke God's message to the people. "He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward." (Matt 10:41) Luke 9:6 "And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing every where."
during 3 1/2 year ministry

the seventy disciples (group 10)
Luke 10:1, 16; 10:1-20
"He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me."
during 3 1/2 year ministry

Caiaphas
John 11:45-52
"And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation."
end of 3 1/2 year ministry

Mathias
Acts 1:21-26
"Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection." "That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship"
before Acts 2 Pentecost

  New Testament period after Pentecost, Acts 2:17

Stephen
Acts 7:55-56
"But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God."
about 2-4 years after Acts 2 Pentecost

Philip
Acts 8:26-39
"And the angel of the Lord spake unto Philip ..." "Then the Spirit said unto Philip, Go near, and join thyself to this chariot."

Paul (Saul) of Tarsus
Acts 9:1-7; 13:1; 16:9-10; 18:9; 20:24; 22:10; Rom 15:19; 1Cor 2:10; 2Cor 12:1-3, 19a; Gal 1:11-12; 1Tim 4:1; 1Thes 4:15
[born a Roman citizen (Acts 22:28), from Tarsus of Cilicia to Jewish parents (Acts 9:11; 21:39), "brought up in this city [Jerusalem] at the feet of Gamaliel" (Acts 22:3)] "there shined round about him a light from heaven: And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?", "And a vision appeared to Paul in the night", "Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace", "For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord", etc.
lifespan: c. A.D. 5–66/68; conversion of Saul about A.D. 37

Ananias of Damascus
Acts 9:10-18
"the Lord in a vision, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.", "But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me", "the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me"
conversion of Saul about A.D. 37
Peter (Simon)
(counted among apostles)
Matt 17:1-9; Acts 10:11-20; 11:5-12; 12:7-10
Acts 12:7 "And, behold, the angel of the Lord came upon him, and a light shined in the prison: and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly. And his chains fell off from his hands."
c. A.D. 37-38

Cornelius, a centurion
Acts 10:3-7
"He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him", "And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed,"
somewhere between A.D. 37-43, best fit from 3 1/2 to 7 years after Acts 2 Pentecost

Agabus
Acts 11:27-28; 21:10-11
Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be great dearth throughout all the world: which came to pass in the days of Claudius Caesar.
prior to the fourth year of the reign of Claudius, A.D. 45, thus A.D. 43-44

prophets (group 11)
Acts 11:27-28
"And in these days came prophets from Jerusalem unto Antioch."
prior to the fourth year of the reign of Claudius, A.D. 45, thus A.D. 43-44

Barnabas
Acts 13:1
"Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers"
probably upon return from conveying donations to Jerusalem (Acts 12:24) [Paul's first trip to Jerusalem after Gal 1:18]

Simeon that was called Niger
Acts 13:1
"Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers"
probably upon return from conveying donations to Jerusalem (Acts 12:24)

Lucius of Cyrene
Acts 13:1
"Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers"
probably upon return from conveying donations to Jerusalem (Acts 12:24)

Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch
Acts 13:1
"Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers"
probably upon return from conveying donations to Jerusalem (Acts 12:24), just before Paul's first missionary journey (Acts 13:4 through 14:27)
 
[chronological progression]
Acts 15:2 "... they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question" regarding circumcision of male believers. [Paul's second trip to Jerusalem]
[chronological progression]
Acts 15:22 "Then pleased it the apostles and elders with the whole church, to send chosen men of their own company to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas surnamed Barsabas and Silas, chief men among the brethren."

Judas
Acts 15:32
"And Judas and Silas, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the brethren with many words, and confirmed them."
[upon return from Paul's second trip to Jerusalem]

Silas
Acts 15:32
"And Judas and Silas, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the brethren with many words, and confirmed them."
[upon return from Paul's second trip to Jerusalem]
 
[chronological progression]
Acts 15:36-41 through Acts 18:22 "And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the Lord, and see how they do." [onset of second missionary journey (with a possible trip to Jerusalem, Acts 18:22)]
[chronological progression]
Acts 18:23 through Acts 20:38 "And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples." [onset of third missionary journey which included a trip to Jerusalem (Acts 20:16; 21:1-15, Acts 20:16 on through Acts 23:30)]

twelve men at Ephesus (group 12)
Acts 19:1-7
"And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied."
before Paul's imprisonment at Jerusalem, best fit late A.D. 56

numerous disciples (group 13)
Acts 20:23
Acts 20:23 "Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions abide me."
before Paul's imprisonment at Jerusalem, best fit late A.D. 56

Philip's four daughters (group 14)
Acts 21:8-9
"And the same man had four daughters, virgins, which did prophesy."
before Paul's imprisonment at Jerusalem, best fit late A.D. 56
 
[chronological progression]
Acts 21:27 through Acts 23:30 Paul's imprisonment at Jerusalem] best fit A.D. 57
[chronological progression]
Acts 23:30 through Acts 27:2 Paul's 2 year imprisonment at Antipatris] best fit A.D. 57-59

Timothy
1Tim 6:11; 2Tim 3:17; 4:1-2, 5; [2Cor 3:3]
"Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long suffering and doctrine." "But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry."
first introduceded in Acts 16:1 with continuous service as Paul's helper/messenger thereafter
Apostle John the Revelator
(counted among apostles)
Rev 1:1-5; 10:8, 11; 22:7, 10, 18-19; chpts. 1-22
"The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John."
c. 90-96 AD
Rom 8:14 "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God."
Matt 10:20 "For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you."
1 Cor 12:3 "Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost."
1 John 5:6 "This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth."


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