Matthew Cites Old Testament

Shows Old Testament verses are fulfilled by Jesus of Nazareth

Brian Kuehmichel
September 19, 2012



Isaiah 42:9 Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.

Isaiah 48:3-5 I foretold the former things long ago, my mouth announced them and I made them known; then suddenly I acted, and they came to pass. For I knew how stubborn you were; the sinews of your neck were iron, your forehead was bronze. Therefore I told you these things long ago; before they happened I announced them to you so that you could not say, 'My idols did them; my wooden image and metal god ordained them.'

Amos 3:7 Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets.


Matthew has an extensive knowledge of the Hebrew scriptures and his position as a tax-collector for Rome may have afforded him his own copy of those scriptures and sufficient time to study them. He writes using numerous quotes taken from that text and references by word or phrases many more than he quotes. Matthew writes with understanding of the text of Hebrew scriptures and applies them in very succinct ways to the circumstances about him.

He builds the case for the authentication of Messianic Prophecies, for the validation of the kingly lineage promised to be fulfilled (1:1-25), for the prophet like Moses to be revealed (3:17; 21:11), for the function of a great priest to bring man before God (17:5), and for the substitutionary death of Jesus who in one person fufills all of these things (20:28; 26:28). Matthew hereby claims Jesus of Nazareth to be the one intended by these prophecies and uses these citations and references to the Hebrew scriptures and weaves them into one cohesive text to validate Jesus as the Messiah.



For a more detailed review of Old Testament quotes and references see: Matthew Cites Old Testament - Expanded

Old Testament verses
quoted or referenced in book of Matthew
Chapter: verse Quoted from Referenced from
Matt 1:1 Gen 5:1; 12:2-3; 17:15-17; 18:18; 22:18; 26:4; 28:14; 1 Sam 17:12; 2 Sam 7:12, 16; Isa 9:6-7; Isa 11:1; Psa 132:11; Jer 23:5
Matt 1:2 Gen 12:3 & Ge 22:18; 17:19-22; 21:2-3, 12; 25:25-26; 26:2-5; 29:35; 49:10; Psalm 60:7
Matt 1:3 Gen 38:11-30; 49:9-10; Ruth 4:18-22; 1 Chr 2:11; Isa 37:31
Matt 1:4 Exo 6:23 Ruth 4:19-20 1 Chr 2:10
Matt 1:5 Josh 2:1; 6:25; Ruth 4:21-22; 1 Chr 2:12; Isaiah 11:1-5, 10;
Matt 1:6 Ruth 4:18-22; 1 Sam 16:1; 17:12; 2 Sam 7:8-19, 27; 12:24; 1 Chr 2:1-15; Psalm 89:3-4, 34-37; 132:11; Isa 9:6-7; 11:1-5; 16:5; 55:3-4; Jer 23:5-6; Amos 9:11-12
Matt 1:7 1 Kings 11:43; 14:31; 1 Chr 3:10-14; 2 Chr 12:16; 1 Kings 15:8
Matt 1:8 1 Chr 3:11-12; 2 Chr ch 17-18; 2 Kings 8:16; 2 Chr 21:1; 22:1-9; 2 Kings 11:2 thru 12:20; 2 Chr 24:1-25; 2 Kings 14:8-20; 2 Chr 25:1, 8; 26:1; 2 Kings 14:21; 23:36-24:6; 2 Chr 36:5-8
Matt 1:9 2 Kings 15:7 2 Chr 26:23; 2 Kings 15:38; 2 Chr 27:9 2 Kings 16:20; 2 Chr 28:27
Matt 1:10 2 Kings 20:21; 2 Chr 32:33; 2 Kings 21:18; 2 Chr 33:20; 2 Kings 21:24; 2 Chr 33:25
Matt 1:11 2 Kings 24:8; 24 & 25 ch; 1 Chr 3:15-16; Esth 2:6; Jer 24:1; 27:20
Matt 1:12 Jer 22:30; 1 Chr 3:17-19 (cp Deut 25:5); Ezra 3:2; 5:2; Neh 12:1
Matt 1:18-25 Genesis 3:15; Isa 7:13-16; Jer 22:30
Matt 1:19 Deut 22:22 & Deut 24:1-2
Matt 1:21 Num 13:16; Isa 9:6; Micah 5:1
Matt 1:23 Isa 7:14 Isa 8:8, 10
Matt 2:1-11 Psalm 72:10; 102:15; 138:4; Jer 23:5; 30:9; Micah 5:2; Num 24:17 [1 Sam 9:7; Psa 45:8; 72:10; Isa 60:6]
Matt 2:6 Micah 5:2 Eze 34:23; 37:24; Dan 9:22-27; [Gen 20:6; 31:11; Num 12:6 Job 33:15]
Matt 2:12 Gen 20:6; 31:11; Num 12:6 Job 33:15
Matt 2:14-15 Hosea 11:1 (Ex 4:22)
Matt 2:16-18 Jer 31:15
Matt 2:20-21 Exo 4:19; Ruth 1:16-22
Matt 2:23 (Spoken - not written, yet well known and not Isa 11:1; 60:21)
Matt 3:1 Josh 15:60-62; Judg 1:16
Matt 3:2 Dan 2:44; 5:22; Joel 2:13; Jonah 3:10
Matt 3:3 Isa 40:3-5 Mal 4:5-6
Matt 3:1 Isa 40:3-5 Mal 3:2-3
Matt 3:12 Mal 4:1
Matt 3:16, 17; 12:18-20; 11:29; 26:26 1 Sam 2:10; Psa 2:7; Isa 42:1; 61:1-3; Exo 29:4-7; 40:12; Lev 8:6
Matt 3:16 1 Sam 2:10; Isa 61:1-3; Exo 29:4-7; 40:12; Lev 8:6
Matt 3:17 Isa 42:1 1 Kings 3:11-13; Psalm 2:2, 6-7; 45:8; Pro 30:4; Isa 11:2; 52:13; 61:1; Dan 9:23; 10:11, 19
Matt 4:1-11 Gen 3:6; Deut 9:9, 18; 1 Kgs 19:8; 1 Chr 21:1; see 1 Cor 15:45-47
Matt 4:4 Deut 8:3
Matt 4:5 Neh 11:18; Isa 48:2; Isa 52:1 [Psa 46:4; 48:1]
Matt 4:6 Psalm 91:11-12
Matt 4:7 Deut 6:16 Isa 7:12
Matt 4:10 Deut 6:13 [1 Sam 7:3]
Matt 4:14-15 (Mt 12:16-18) Isa 9:1-2 Psalm 102:15; Isa 45:22; 49:6-12; 52:10; 60:3; Zech 9:10
Matt 4:16 Isa 42:7; Amos 5:8
Matt 4:23-25 Deut 18:15, 18-19; Isa 33:24; 45:13; 55:1-4
Matt 5:1 Psalm 49:1-4; 50:1-6
Matt 5:2 Psalm 78:2
Matt 5:3 Isa 61:1; 66:2
Matt 5:4 Gen 12:3 Isa 61:2-3
Matt 5:5 Psalm 37:11
Matt 5:6 Psalm 42:1 Deut 16:18; Psalm 42:2; 28:13; Isa 16:5; 55:1-2; Hosea 12:6; Zec 7:8-10
Matt 5:7 Psalm 41:1 Psalm 37:21; 89:14; 109:15-17; 112:4; Pro 3:3; 14:22; 19:17; Isa 16:5; Hosea 6:6; 12:6; Mic 7:18; Zec 7:8-10
Matt 5:8 Psalm 24:4-5; 73:1 1 Kings 8:23
Matt 5:21 Exo 20:13; Deut 5:17
Matt 5:27 Exo 20:14; Deut 5:18
Matt 5:28 Job 31:1; Pro 5:15-20; 6:23-35; [2 Sam 11:2-4]
Matt 5:31 Deut 24:1
Matt 5:33 Lev 19:12; Num 30:2; Deut 23:21; Eccl 5:4
Matt 5:34-35 Isa 66:1; Psa 48:2
Matt 5:37 Pro 10:19
Matt 5:38 Exo 21:24; Lev 24:20; Deut 19:21
Matt 5:39 Isa 50:6; Lam 3:30
Matt 5:42 Deut 15:8; Psa 37:21, 26; 112:5; Pro 21:26
Matt 5:43 Lev 19:18 1 Chr 12:17
Matt 5:44 Lev 19:18; Job 31:29-30 Exo 23:4-5; Deut 22:4; 1 Sam 24:19; 2 Sam 22:21; Psa 7:4; 18:21; 103:10; Pro 25:21-22
Matt 5:45 Job 8:20; 28:28; Psa 5:4-5; Hab 1:13; Zec 8:17
Matt 5:48 Lev 19:2 1 Kgs 8:23; 2 Chr 6:14; Pro 28:13
Matt 6:6 2 Kgs 4:33 Ruth 2:12; Isa 26:20; 2 Chr 16:9; Psa 34:15; Pro 5:21; 15:3
Matt 6:7 Eccl 5:2 1 Kgs 18:26; Pro 10:19
Matt 6:9 Lev 22:2, 32; 1 Chr 16:10, 35; Psa 99:3; 103:1; 106:47; 111:9; 145:1-3; etc.
Matt 6:10 Psa 2:6; 21:1-3; 22:28; Jer 30:9, 21; Eze 21:25-27; (Eze 37:15-28); Obad 1:21; Zec 9:10; 14:9; Psa 2:6-12; Psa 8:1-9; Psa 72; Psa 96:1-13; Psa 145:13-20; etc.; Isa 45:13-14; 52:13; Zec 9:10; etc. | Psa 103:20-21; Dan 4:35
Matt 6:11 Job 38:41; Psa 104:14; 136:25; 145:16; 147:9; Pro 30:8-9
Matt 6:12 Psa 109:12, 16; Pro 3:3; 14:22
Matt 6:13 1 Chr 29:17; 2 Chr 14:11; Job 8:20; 10:6; Isa 40:11; Jer 11:20; 20:12; Psa 27:9; 40:17; 46:1; 60:11; 108:12
Matt 6:19 Psa 5:12; 106:3; Eccl 2:26; 8:12;
Matt 6:23 Lev 19:17; Deu 15:9; Pro 8:36; 28:22
Matt 6:26 Gen 1:26-27; Job 38:41; Psa 28:9; 30:8; 147:9; Eze 34:15-16, 23
Matt 6:29 1 Kgs 10:4-7
Matt 6:33 Psa 5:12; 106:3; Jer 4:2
Matt 7:1-2 *Jer 23:5; Deut 32:36; 1 Chr 16:14; Psa 7:8; 9:7; 96:13; 98:9; 145:8; Isa 33:22; Jer 9:24; [Not: Deut 32:35; Psa 94:1; Pro 20:22 or Rom 12:19] *Deut 32:4; Gen 18:25; Deut 1:16-17; 10:18; 11:1; 16:19; 19:16-19; 24:17; 25:1-2; 27:19; Pro 28:5; Zech 7:9
Matt 7:7, 11 Isa 58:2 1 Chr 28:9; 2 Chr 14:11; 15:2; 18:31; 20:4; Psa 2:8; 28:7; 37:40; 40:17; 70:1; etc.; Pro 8:17; 28:5; Isa 55:6; Jer 29:13
Matt 7:12 [See quotes and references for: 5:44; 6:12; 6:23;] Psa 106:3; Pro 11:12, 24-26, 30; 17:13; Zech 8:17
Matt 7:13-14 Psalm 34:17, 19; 37:39 Psa 16:11; 37:20; 68:2; Pro 2:1-22; 3:1-35; 4:18, 20-27; 12:28; 13:6; 14:12; 16:25; 21:12, 16; 28:27; Isa 26:7
Matt 7:15-20 Deu 13:1-3; Jer 14:14; 23:16; (Mic 2:11)
Matt 7:24 Pro 1:1-9 Pro 3:13; 4:5, 7; 8:5; 15:32; 16:16; 19:8
Matt 7:28-29 Exo 24:3; 35:1; Deut 18:15, 18; 32:45; Isa 40:9; 42:2; 58:1; Amos 2:11
Matt 8:12 Psa 72:12-14
Matt 8:16-17 Isa 53:4 Psa 9:9-10
Matt 8:20 Psa 8:4-6; 80:17; Isa 53:2; 56:2; Ezek 2:3, 6; 3:1, 4, 10; Dan 7:13
Matt 8:23-27 Deut 18:18
Matt 8:28-34; 9:34; 12:24-26; 14:25-26 2 Kings 2:9; Isa 35:5-6
Matt 9:13 Hosea 6:6 (5:13; 6:1; 7:1)
Matt 9:35; 11:3-5 Isa 29:18; 35:5-6
Matt 9:36; 10:5-6; 14:14 Isa 49:9-10; 53:4-6; Jer 50:6; Psalm 86:15; 111:4-9; Eze 34:23-24 (Ez 34: 1-24)
Matt 10:35-36 Micah 7:6
Matt 11:2-6 Isa 29:18-19; 35:3-6; 42:5-8; 61:1-2
Matt 11:7-10 Mal 2:7; 3:1; 4:5-6
Matt 11:10 Mal 3:1
Matt 11:14 Mal 4:5-6
Matt 11:29; 12:18-20; 21:3-5 Isa 40:11; 42:2-3; 53:7
Matt 12:1-16 Isa 42:1-4
Matt 12:7 Hosea 6:6
Matt 12:17-21 Isa 41:8 & Isa 42:1-3 Isa 42:1; 49:1
Matt 12:39-40; 16:4, 21; 17:23; 20:19; 28:1-10 Psalm 3:5; 16:8-11; 37:4-6, 23-24, 33-34, 39-40; 49:15; 68:18; 69:13-18; Isa 52:13; Jonah 1:17; and more
Matt 13:1-3 Psalm 78:2-4; Eze 17:2; 20:49; 34:23-24; Hosea 6:1
Matt 13:13-16 Isa 6:9-10 Psalm 49:4
Matt 13:34-35 Psalm 78:2
Matt 14:32 Psalm 107:29
Matt 15:4-6 Exo 20:12; 21:17; Deut 5:16; 27:16; Pro 30:17
Matt 15:7-9 Isa 29:13 Isa 29:14; Prov 23:7
Matt 15:21-28 Isa 11:10; 42:1-3, 6; 49:6 (1-12)
Matt 15:24 1 Kings 12:17, etc.
Matt 16:4 Jonah 1:17; Jer 3:9; Ezek 23:37; Hosea 1:2
Matt 16:20 Jer 23:3-6; Dan 9:25
Matt 16:21, 27 Psalm 22; 26; 27; 102; Isa 53; [See especially: Evidence for the Death and Resurrection of Jesus]
Matt 17:5 Deut 18:18-19; Psalm 2:7, 12; Isa 42:1; Dan 9:23; 10:11, 19
Matt 18:16 Deut 19:15
Matt 18:25 Exo 22:3; Lev 25:39, 47
Matt 19:4 Gen 1:27
Matt 19:5 Gen 2:24 Deut 24:1
Matt 19:7-8 Deut 24:1 Gen 1:27; 2:24
Matt 19:18-19 Lev 19:18 Exo 20:12-16; Deut 5:16-20
Matt 19:26 Gen 18:14; Job 42:2; Jer 32:17; Zech 8:6
Matt 20:15 Exo 20:17
Matt 20:28 Isa 42:6; 49:6; Jonah 4:3
Matt 21:1-7 Gen 49:10-11; 1 Sam 2:10; 2 Sam 7:1-17; Psalm 118:25-26; Isa 11:1-10; Micah 5:2; Zech 9:9
Matt 21:4-5 Isa 62:11; Zech 9:9 2 Sam 7:12, 16; Psalm 132:11; Isa 11:1
just (king): Isa 45:21;53:11; Jer 23:5-6
having salvation: Psalm 22:20-21; 16:10
lowly: Pro 6:11 & Psalm 22:24; Isa 53:4, 7
riding upon an ass: 2 Kings 9:13
Matt 21:9 Psalm 118:25-26 Gen 49:8-11; Isa 11:1-10
Matt 21:11 Deut 18:15, 18
Matt 21:12 Hag 2:7-9; Mal 3:1
Matt 21:13 Isa 56:7 & Jer 7:11 Psalm 69:9; 119:39; Isa 56:7; Jer 7:11
Matt 21:15 2 Chr 36:16; Psalm 8:2
Matt 21:16 Psalm 8:2
Matt 21:19-21 Jud 9:10; Jer 24:1-10; Hosea 9:10
Matt 21:33-41 Isa 5:1-7; 1:7-9; 24:20; Job 27:18; Eze 17:1-10
Matt 21:42-43 (Same for Mt 22:7, 13) Psalm 118:22-23 Gen 42:8; Psalm 22:6; Isa 28:16; 63:1-6; 66:7-14
Matt 21:42; 22:29) Neh ch 8 (Zeal for scriptures like Daniel & Ezra)
Matt 21:44 Isa 8:14; Dan 2:44
Matt 21:46 Gen 37:20; Psalm 2:1-2; 38:12, 19
Matt 22:9-10 See: Evangelism Texts
Matt 22:13 cp Deut 8:19; Isa 13:6, 9; Jer 7:14-15; 32:31-35
Matt 22:24 Deut 5:5
Matt 22:31-32 Exo 3:6
Matt 22:34-46 Psalm 63:11; Isa 52:13-15
Matt 22:37 Deut 6:5; 10:12; 30:6 Neh ch 1-2; Eze 21:2-5
Matt 22:39 Lev 19:18
Matt 22:43-45 Psalm 110:1 Gen 49:10; Psalm 2:6; 110:1, 4; 132:11; Isa 2:4; 9;6-7; 32:1; Zech 6:13
Matt 23:35 2 Chr 24:20-21 not Zech 1:1, 7;
Matt 23:38-39 Psalm 118:26
Matt 24:7 Isa 19:2
Matt 24:10 Isa 8:15
Matt 24:15 Dan 12:11 Dan 9:27; 11:31; 12:11; (Deut 7:26; 1 Kings 11:7; 2 Kings 23:13)
Matt 24:21 Dan 12:1
Matt 24:29 Isa 13:10-11; 34:4
Matt 24:30 Zech 12:12 & Dan 7:13
Matt 24:31 Deut 30:4
Matt 24:32 Jer 24:1-10
Matt 24:35 Psalm 102:25-27
Matt 24:37-39 Genesis ch 6-7
Matt 24:40-44 Psalm 24:3-5; 50:5; 130:6; Pro 8:34; Isa 40:11; Eze 20:34 -contrast with- Isa 13:11; Jer 36:31; 44:29; Zeph 1:12, etc
Matt 24:45-47 Psalm 28:9; 147:6 36:12; etc
Matt 25:1-46 Psalm 18:20; 58:11; 119:1, 140; Pro 11:18; 13:21; 20:11; 21:8; 22:11; 24:40; 26:10; SoS 5:2
Matt 26:14-16, 47-50; 27:2-10 Gen 37:28; Exo 21:32; Psa 41:9; 55:12-21; Zech 11:12-13
Matt 26:17 Exo 12:6, 8, 18; Lev 23:5; Num 9:3; 28:16-17
Matt 26:21-25, 47-50 Psalm 41:9; 55:12-14
Matt 26:28 Isa 55:3-4; Jer 31:31; Dan 9:27
Matt 26:31 Zech 13:7
Matt 26:36-38 Psalm 42:4-5, 11; 43:5; Jer 3:20; 5:1-5; 8:20-22; 9:1; 10:19; 11:19
Matt 26:39 Psalm 40:8; 119:47
Matt 26:54, 67-68; 27:26, 30 Isa 50:4-6; Micah 4:14; 5:1; etc, See prophecies at: Evidence for the Death and Resurrection of Jesus and Messianic Prophecies
Matt 26:59-60 Gen 39:14; Deut 19:15; Psalm 35:11; 38:12; 94:21
Matt 26:63 Psalm 38:13-14; Isa 53:7
Matt 26:64 Psalm 110:1; Jer 23:3-6; Dan 7:13; 9:25
Matt 26:66; 27:1 Psalm 94:20-22; Pro 1:11-12
Matt 26:75 Psalm 51
Matt 27:1-2 Isa 53:3, 8; 8:14; 28:16; 63:3; Psalm 69:6; 118:22
Matt 27:4-5 2 Sam 17:23 (Psalm 55:14-15)
Matt 27:9-10 (Spoken - not written) Gen 37:28; Zech 11:12-13
Matt 27:11 Psalm 2:2, 6-7; 21:1-3; 22:28; 110:1; Isa 9:6-7; Dan 7:13; Zech 9:10; 14:9
Matt 27:12, 14 Psalm 38:13-14; Isa 53:7
Matt 27:22-31 (26-50) Gen 37:23; Isa 53:5, 12; Psalm 71:10-11; Daniel 9:24-26
Matt 27:29, 31, 39-44 Gen 37:19; Psalm 22:7-8; 69:9; Isa 37:22-23
Matt 27:31-35, 38, 44 Psalm 22:6-18; 69:21; Dan 9:24-26; and Messianic Prophecies
Matt 27:35-36 Psalm 22:17-18
Matt 27:37 Isa 9:6-7; 22:20-22; 32:1-3; 40:10; Micah 5:2; (Dan 2:44)
Matt 27:38 Gen 40:1-3; Psalm 109:4; Isa 53:12
Matt 27:39 Job 12:4; Psalm 109:25
Matt 27:40-44 Gen 21:9; 37:19; 2 Chr 36:16; Psalm 22:7-8; 53:3-4; 69:9; Isa 37:22-23 contrasted with Jer 15:17 & Psalm 1:1-6
Matt 27:45-47 Psalm 22:1 (starts quoting whole Psalm) Isa 41:17; Amos 8:9
Matt 27:48 Psalm 22:16; 69:21
Matt 27:49 Mal 4:5
Matt 27:50 Lev 17:11; Deut 19:21; (1 Kings 20:42)
Matt 27:51 Exo 26:37; 35:12; 40:5 not like Exo 34:33
Matt 27:54 Isa 42:6; 49:6; 60:3
Matt 27:57-60 Isa 53:9; Zech 13:7
Matt 28:1-6 Psalm 3:5; 16:8-11; 37:4-6, 23-24, 33-34, 39-40; 49:15; 68:18; 69:13-18; Isaiah 52:13; Jonah 1:17; and more.
 

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