Books of the Bible


"The Bible, which consists of 66 books, was written over a period of 1,600 years by 40 different authors, but it speaks with one voice and has one main message, and that is the message of redemption from sin through Jesus Christ. The Old Testament portion of the Bible, consisting of its first 39 books, points to the coming of Jesus and prepares the way for His coming through types and prophecies. The New Testament portion of the Bible, consisting of its final 27 books, describes how that Jesus, the eternal Son of God, the Creator, came into this world through the womb of a virgin, lived a sinless life, and suffered and died on the cross to redeem man from his fallen condition. Jesus died, was buried, and rose from the dead the third day. He then instructed His followers to go into all the world and preach the gospel of redemption. Those who believe are forgiven of their sin, are brought back into relationship with God, and are given eternal life. The main theme of the Bible is stated in a nutshell in John 3:16: "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.""
Quoted from: http://wayoflife.org/database/infallible.html

"Forty independent writers were used in its compilation. They wrote over a 1,500 year time span. They lived in three different continents: Asia, Africa and Europe. Moses wrote in the desert of Sinai, Paul wrote in a prison in Rome, Daniel from exile in Babylon, and Ezra in the ruined city of Jerusalem. They spoke and wrote in three different languages. They had twenty different occupations, which included a couple of kings, a general, at least two fishermen, a musician, a priest, a tax collector, a physician, etc. It has a cast of 2,930 characters in 1,551 places. It covers a huge number of different subjects. Isaiah wrote to warn Israel of God's coming judgment on their sin, Matthew wrote to prove to the Jews that Jesus is the Messiah, Zechariah wrote to encourage a disheartened Israel who had returned from Babylonian exile, and Paul wrote addressing problems in different Asian and European churches. It was written under many different circumstances. David wrote during a time of war, Jeremiah wrote at the sorrowful time of Israel's downfall, Peter wrote while Israel was under Roman domination, and Joshua wrote while invading the land of Canaan. Its message is expressed in all literary forms (poetry, prose, etc.). Yet without possible concert or collusion, they produced a book which, in all its parts, is pervaded by one spirit, one doctrine, one design, and by an air of sublime authority which is its peculiar characteristic. It is amazing that with such diversity, there is such unity in the Bible. That unity is organized around one theme: God's redemption of man and all of creation. Hundreds of controversial subjects are addressed and yet the writers do not contradict each other."
Quoted from: http://www.inplainsite.org/html/bible_authorship.html

"The Bible is a collection of writings written over a period of 1500 years, in three different languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek), by more than 40 authors. The occupations of these various authors include: king, priest, prophet, lawmaker, philosopher, scholar, poet, soldier, rabbi, physician, tax collector, and fisherman. The writings cover a variety of literary forms: history, law, prophecy, poetry, parable, allegory, biography, memoir, personal correspondence, and apocalyptic."
Quoted from: http://askivor.org/authors.php



66 books of the Holy Scriptures
Old Testament - (39 books)
Book Author Author's Background1 Dated (circa)2
Genesis Moses Shepherd, prophet, leader, lawmaker 1500-1400 B.C.
Exodus Moses Shepherd, prophet, leader, lawmaker 1500-1400 B.C.
Leviticus Moses Shepherd, prophet, leader, lawmaker 1500-1400 B.C.
Numbers Moses Shepherd, prophet, leader, lawmaker 1500-1400 B.C.
Deuteronomy Moses Shepherd, prophet, leader, lawmaker 1500-1400 B.C.
Joshua Joshua (Eleazer/Phinehas/Samuel?) Military General, aid to Moses 1406-1390 B.C.
Judges Samuel/Nathan/Gad Prophet 1050-1000 B.C.
Ruth Samuel/Nathan/Gad/David 1050-1000 B.C.
1 Samuel Samuel/Nathan/Gad Prophet 1000-950 B.C.
2 Samuel Samuel/Nathan/Gad Prophet 1000-950 B.C.
1 Kings Jeremiah Prophet, scribe, Son of a Priest, Jeremiah 1:1 629-588 B.C.
2 Kings Jeremiah Prophet, scribe, Son of a Priest, Jeremiah 1:1 629-588 B.C.
1 Chronicles Ezra Priest, scribe 450-400 B.C.
2 Chronicles Ezra Priest, scribe 450-400 B.C.
Ezra Ezra Priest, scribe 536-458 B.C.
Nehemiah Nehemiah Royal cupbearer, Tirshatha (Territorial overseer - governor) 445-424 B.C.
Esther Mordecai/Ezra Administrator, statesman, prime minister 485-464 B.C.
Job ?Moses Shepherd, prophet, leader, lawmaker 1500-1400 B.C.
Psalms David, Solomon, Asaph-choirmaster, Moses, Heman, Ethan, the sons of Korah, Solomon Shepherd, soldier, military leader, king, musician, singer, poet, writer 1010-970 B.C.
Proverbs Solomon, Agur, Lemuel, others (King Hezekiah's men Proverbs 25:1) King, writer, philosopher 970-930 to 716-687 B.C.
Ecclesiastes Solomon King, writer, philosopher, builder 970-930 B.C.
Song of Solomon
a.k.a. Canticles
Solomon King, writer, philosopher, builder 970-930 B.C.
Isaiah Isaiah Prophet, the son of the Amoz, who according to an old Jewish tradition was the brother of King Amaziah. 767-697 B.C.
Jeremiah Jeremiah & Baruch-scribe Prophet, scribe, Son of a Priest, Jeremiah 1:1 640-581 B.C.
Lamentations Jeremiah Prophet, scribe, Son of a Priest, Jeremiah 1:1 640-581 B.C.
Ezekiel Ezekiel Priest 593-571 B.C.
Daniel Daniel Prince, captive exile in Babylon, chief counselor, administrator, statesman, prime minister (Matthew 10:1-5) 597-525 B.C.
Hosea Hosea Shepherd 770-720 B.C.
Joel Joel Prophet to Judah 860-850 B.C.
Amos Amos Shepherd, Prophet 750 B.C.
Obadiah Obadiah (Unknown) 848-841 to 600 B.C.
Jonah Jonah (Unknown) 860 to 700 B.C.
Micah Micah (Unknown) 750-700 B.C.
Nahum Nahum (Unknown) 633-603 B.C.
Habakkuk Habakkuk (Unknown) 612-605 B.C.
Zephaniah Zephaniah (Unknown) 640-609 B.C.
Haggai Haggai (Unknown) 521-516 B.C.
Zechariah Zechariah (Unknown) 521-480 B.C.
Malachi Malachi (Unknown) 450-425 B.C.
New Testament - (27 books)
Book Author Author's Background Dated
Matthew Matthew Tax Collector, One of the 12 Disciples 50-55 A.D.
Mark John Mark Barnabas' acquaintance/nephew,
understudy to Paul
50-67/68 A.D.
Luke Luke Gentile Physician, understudy to Paul 58-60 A.D.
John John Fisherman, One of the 12 Disciples 85-90 A.D.
Acts Luke Gentile Physician, understudy to Paul 61-65 A.D.
Romans Paul Hebrew Pharisee, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 56 A.D.
1 Corinthians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 54 A.D.
2 Corinthians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 55 A.D.
Galatians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 55-56 A.D.
Ephesians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 60 A.D.
Phillipians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 61 A.D.
Colossians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 60 A.D.
1 Thessalonians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 50-51 A.D.
2 Thessalonians Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 51 A.D.
1 Timothy Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 64-65 A.D.
2 Timothy Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 67-68 A.D.
Titus Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 65 A.D.
Philemon Paul Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 60 A.D.
Hebrews probably Paul or Luke, Barnabas, or Apollos Hebrew Pharisee, Rabbi, tentmaker, persecutor of early believers, Apostle to Gentiles 65-68 A.D.
James James (half-brother of Jesus) Matthew 13:55 & Acts 12:2; 15:13; 1 Corinthians 15:7 45-48 A.D.
1 Peter Simon Peter Fisherman, One of the 12 Disciples 60-65 A.D.
2 Peter Simon Peter Fisherman, One of the 12 Disciples 60-66-67 A.D.
1 John John Fisherman, One of the 12 Disciples 85-90 A.D.
2 John John Fisherman, One of the 12 Disciples 85-90 A.D.
3 John John Fisherman, One of the 12 Disciples 85-90 A.D.
Jude Judas (half-brother of Jesus) Brother of James (Matthew 13:55 & Acts 1:13) 60-75 A.D.
Revelation John Fisherman, One of the 12 Disciples 90-96 A.D.
 

References:  1. keyword searches    2. Dates from: Bible Commentaries


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