Eschatology

The Study of End Times

— a comprehensive list of scriptures —

Brian Kuehmichel
July 15, 2018



"But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding." Job 32:8

"Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned." 1 Cor 2:12-14

"For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God." Rom 8:14



All Old Testament prophecies are statements essentially previewing what will come to pass in the future. Some of these relate to eschatology (study of the end times) that preview circumstances and events that precede and bring about the very "last days."

"And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it." (Isa 2:2; Mic 4:1)

These prophecies are often presented in writing as if the various prophets stood and watched them transpire. "Now all these things happened unto them for examples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come." (1Cor 10:11) These prophecies in their volume and detail give to us an overview of progress from early to later events leading to the establishment of the kingdom of God upon earth. We have prayed for this very thing.

"Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven." (Matt 6:10)

Many Old and New Testament scripture texts gave broad and time-sweeping statements of information. Some were precise events and narrow in time. Some texts may be disputed. Many of these texts simply detailed or emphasized different aspects or details. And this suggested that some event groupings, portions of event groupings, or even portions of specific events may overlap or even be concurrent. The exact timing of future events remain uncertain (John 16:12-14)! Only when they are completed can they be fully understood.

This compilation of Old and New Testament scriptures presents a generalized time line of events without asserting a rigid progression in their order. They follow this broad overview: Setting & Preparation, Rebellion & Carnal Behavior, Trouble & Darkness, Parousia & Epiphany, Retribution & Great Battle / Apocalypse, Christ's Kingdom, and Final Judgment. [The arrows (->) imply that many of the things in that grouping continue onward in time for a season until their proper termination.]



Setting & Preparation

The setting:

Isaiah 66:7-9; Revelation 12:1-6 — A great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars

Daniel 2:26-49 — The dream of Nebuchadnezzar's image with a head of gold, chest and arms of silver, belly and thighs of brass, legs of iron, and feet part of iron and part of clay. Then a stone cut out without hands smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.

Isaiah 46:10; Daniel 12:4 — God guides human history; the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased

Rebellion & Carnal Behavior

The mockers in rebellion ->:

2Thessalonians 2:1-3 a; 2Peter 3:1-4 — Last days, scoffers, carnal

Jude 1:6, 14-15, 17-18 — Judgment of the great day, mockers, carnal

John 12:48; Acts 17:30-31 — Judgment of the last day

Carnal behavior escalates ->:

2Thessalonians 2:3-7; 1John 2:18, 22; 4:3; 2John 1:7 — Man of sin, man of lawlessness, son of perdition (antichrist), carnal behavior

2Timothy 3:1-9 — Last days, carnal behavior

Trouble & Darkness

The time of trouble, darkness ->:

Job 38:22-23; Isaiah 22:4-7 — Time of trouble

Daniel 12:1 — Time of trouble

The great day of the Lord near:

Zephaniah 1:14-16; 2Kings 19:3 — Great day of the Lord is near, time of trouble, darkness, clouds, trumpet

Joel 1:1-8, 14-15 — The day of the Lord is at hand, destruction comes

Joel 2:1-11, 18; Malachi 4:5 — The day of the Lord is at hand, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, destruction comes, the day of the Lord is great and very terrible

Ezekiel 30:1-3; 38:18-20 — The day of the Lord is near, a cloudy day; the time of the heathen; a great shaking in the land of Israel

1Corinthians 5:5; Philippians 3:17-20; 2Corinthians 1:14; Ezekiel 9:4; Revelation 7:2-3; 1John 4:1; Deuteronomy 13:1-5; Zechariah 11:17; 2Thessalonians 2:2; Mark 13:22; Matthew 7:15 — Preparation of the Saints

Matthew 24:24; 1John 2:19-22; 1John 4:1-4; 1Timothy 4:1-3; 2John 1:6-9; Revelation 14:12; Revelation 15:2-4 — Preparation of the Saints

John 6:39-44, 54; Revelation 13:8; Psalm 91:1-16; Nahum 1:3, 7 — Confidence of the Saints

Daniel 7:1-14, 17-27 — The 4 beasts of Daniel 7, ten horns, one horn speaks great words against the most High

The wonders, darkness:

Joel 2:30-31 — Wonders, blood, fire, clouds, before the great and terrible day, sun turned into darkness, moon into blood before the great and terrible day of the Lord come

Amos 5:18-20 — The day of the Lord is darkness, and not light

The retribution for evil deeds:

Obadiah 1:12-16; Jeremiah 23:19 — For the day of the Lord is near upon all the heathen: thy reward shall return upon thine own head, defeated

Zephaniah 1:7; Isaiah 37:3-4; 10:24-25 — For day of the Lord is at hand: for the Lord hath prepared a sacrifice, a day of wrath of trouble, distress, wasteness, desolation, darkness and gloominess, of clouds and thick darkness

Zephaniah 2:1-3; 2:8-14; Isaiah 10:24-34 — Nations gather together, the fierce anger of the Lord come upon you; seek meekness & righteousness; Moab, Ammon, Ethiopians, Assyria punished

The man of sin revealed:

2Thessalonians 2:8-10, 4 — That Wicked, Man of Sin revealed [Nahum 1:11?]

Daniel 11:36-37; Isaiah 14:12-15 — Man of sin, man of lawlessness, sits in temple

1Kings 22:19-23; 2Thessalonians 2:9-12 — Deception prevails

The beast, kings, warning:

Revelation 13:1-9 — Rise of the Beast

Revelation 17:10 — Seventh king

Revelation 17:11-13 — Beast revealed

Revelation 13:9-10 — Warning: as he has done it shall be done to him

Isaiah 10:20-21; Jeremiah 16:15-17 — Gathering of Israelites to Canaan as promised to Abraham

Zechariah 12:1-3a — I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people

The war against Christ ->:

Revelation 17:14 a; Revelation 8:13; 11:7, 14 — Horns/kings make war with the Lamb; 3 woes announced

The last beast:

Revelation 13:11-18 — Rise of another beast

Revelation 17:3-18 — A woman sits upon a scarlet colored beast

Revelation 9:1-12 — Fifth angel sounded trumpet — 1st woe, two more woes to come

Revelation 9:13-21 — Sixth Angel sounded — 2nd woe:

Time no longer:

Revelation 10:5-7; 10:1-11 — Time ran out, Seventh Angel to sound

1Thessalonians 5:1-11 — The Day of the Lord comes as a thief in the night

Revelation 11:1-7 — Oppression of saints

Revelation 11:8-14; Matthew 24:15-22, 29-31 — Second woe is past, the third woe comes quickly; Oppression of saints (& coming resurrection)

Revelation 12:7-17; 1Peter 4:17 — War in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon and his angels, Satan and his angels cast out — 3rd woe:

Parousia & Epiphany

The trumpets, return and resurrection:

Luke 12:40; Revelation 11:15 — Seventh angel sounded trumpet - 3rd woe, Jesus returns

1Thessalonians 3:11-12; John 11:24 — Appearance with all his saints (resurrection)

1Corinthians 15:23-26 — Broad over view, resurrection

1Corinthians 15:51-54 — Trumpet, Resurrection preview

1Thessalonians 4:16-17 — The arrival of the Lord, Resurrection

1Thessalonians 4:13-15 — Resurrection order at the last day

Retribution & Great Battle / Apocalypse

The battle of that great day:

Revelation 16:13-15 — Battle of great day

Isaiah 2:19; Hosea 10:8; Revelation 6:15-17; 6:1-17; 7:1-3; 8:1-5 — Men fearful, hide in rocks & caves, great day of wrath; Seven seals loosed

Revelation 8:6-13; 9:1-21; 10:1-7; 11:15 — Seven trumpets sound

2Thessalonians 1:6-10 — Appearance with Angels, Punishment

Jeremiah 30:6-10 — The time of Jacob's trouble

Zechariah 14:1-7; 14:12-15 — Gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle, dark day; half of the city into captivity, the Lord shall go forth against those nations, smite all against Jerusalem; flesh and eyes and tongue shall consume away

Revelation 18:2-3; Zephaniah 2:15; Jeremiah 51:5-10; 51:24-26 — Babylon the great is fallen

Isaiah 13:1-13 — Men fearful, kingdoms of nations gathered together, pangs and sorrows, the day of the Lord, wrath and fierce anger, sun darkened, punishment, shake heavens

Joel 3:1-3 a — In those days, gather all nations, into valley of Jehoshaphat, scattered among the nations, and parted my land, cast lots for my people

Joel 3:9-16 — Gentiles prepare war, assemble valley of Jehoshaphat, the harvest is ripe, the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision, sun, moon and stars darkened, Lord shall roar out of Zion/Jerusalem, heavens and the earth shall shake

Isaiah 2:10-22; (1Samuel 13:6) — Hide in rocks, caves, fearful, shake terribly the earth

Isaiah 34:1-8 — Nations gathered, the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll, day of the Lord's vengeance

Joel 2:12-21; Zechariah 12:10; Psalm 118:26; (Matthew 21:9; Mark 11:9; Luke 19:38); Matthew 23:39; Luke 13:35 — Turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning; Look upon me whom they have pierced; Saying: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord!

Jeremiah 1:14-15; 4:19, 31 — Out of the north an evil shall break forth

Lamentations 2:21-22; Isaiah 66:15-16; 66:24 — The day of the Lord's anger

Habakkuk 3:1-19 [Teman - Gen 36:15; Isa 63:1-7; Amos 1:12, mount Paran - Deut 33:2; Cush - Gen 10:6-8] — God came from Teman and Paran, sun and moon stood still, thresh the heathen in anger, went forth for the salvation of thy people

Isaiah 63:1-7 [ch 62 & 63; Edom - Gen 25:30; 32:3; 36:1, 8-9]; Obadiah 1:1-4 — God came from Edom with [blood stained] dyed garments from Bozrah, and will tread down the people in anger; Lord of justice

Ezekiel 30:4-8 — The sword shall come upon Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, Lydia, all the mingled people and Chub

Psalm 83:1-6, 12-18; 83:1-18; Ezekiel 35:1-15 — The sword shall come upon Edom, Ishmaelites, Moab, Hagarenes, Gebal, Ammon, Amalek, Philistines, Tyre, Assur and Midianites

Ezekiel 38:1-23— The sword shall come upon Gog of Meshech and Tubal, Persia, Ethiopia, Libya, Gomer and his bands, the house of Togarmah and his bands, Sheba, Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish

Ezekiel 39:1-29 — Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, I will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel, thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee; even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel

Jeremiah 25:15-33; 30:22-24 — God shall punish: Pharaoh and all his people, all the mingled people, the land of Uz, the Philistines, Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyrus, Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea, Dedan, Tema, Buz, all that are in the utmost corners, Arabia, and all that dwell in the desert, Zimri, Elam, Medes, all the kings of the north, far and near, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach

Jeremiah 44:1, 9-10 — The day of the Lord God of hosts, a day of vengeance

Jeremiah 46:3-10; Zephaniah 3:8; Zechariah 12:1-3 — The day of the Lord God of hosts, a day of vengeance

Revelation 19:11-21 — A white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True; and out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations; the beast, false prophet, and them that worshipped his image, were cast alive into a lake of fire

Hosea 1:11; Joel 2:32; Psalm 50:1-4, 14-15; 20:1-9; 2Kings 18:14-19:37; Exodus 7-15; Judges 6-7; 2Chronicles 20:1-30; Psalm 80:1-19 — Whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be delivered; the Lord will will hear thee call, and deliver thee

Jeremiah 51:5-10 — Vengeance upon Babylon completed

Christ's Kingdom

The Lord's kingdom:

Isaiah 2:1-5; 10:20; 11:10; 17:7; 19:19-24; 22:20-21; Zephaniah 3:8-9 — Last Days, Christ's kingdom established on earth

Revelation 19:6-9 — The marriage of the Lamb is come

The outcome:

Isaiah 22:20-23; Revelation 12:5; 19:5; Daniel 4:3; 7:14, 27 — Christ Jesus shall rule with a rod of iron, with an everlasting kingdom

Deuteronomy 30:3; Jeremiah 29:14; Micah 2:12-13; Isaiah 11:11-13; 27:12-13; Jeremiah 31:7-11; 49:39 — The Lord gathers the remnant of Israel

Isaiah 24:11-23 — The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly. The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage.

Hosea 2:14-23 — I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely; I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy

Obadiah 1:17-21 — Upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and holiness; the house of Jacob shall possess their land

Zechariah 13:1-2; Jeremiah 3:15-19 — There shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness; I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding; they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the Lord; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it

Jeremiah 31:27-37 — I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah; I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Ezekiel 11:17; 28:25; 34:13; 37:21; 38:8; Isaiah 4:2-6; Hosea 1:10-11 — Israel dwells safely in their own land; Israel cleansed from sin; the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head

Isaiah 66:5-14 — Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream; as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children

Ezekiel 43:7; Joel 3:17; Zechariah 2:10; Zechariah 8:3; Isaiah 66:18 — The Lord dwells in Zion

Joel 2:22-29 — The former rain, and the latter rain, pour out my spirit upon all flesh, fruitfulness

Deuteronomy 12:11; Joel 3:17-18; (Psalm 50:1-5) — Lord your God dwelling in Zion, a fountain shall come forth out of the house of the Lord

Ezekiel 47:1-24; Isaiah 41:18-21 — Waters issued out from under the threshold of the house (temple), healing to the land, that every thing that lives and moves wherever the rivers shall come shall live

Zechariah 14:8-11; 14:16-21; 8:20-23; Jeremiah 12:14-16 — Living waters shall go out from Jerusalem, the Lord shall be king over all the earth, the land shall be turned as a plain, Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited; all the families of the earth come unto Jerusalem to worship the King

Obadiah 1:17-21 — Upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and holiness; the house of Jacob shall possess their land

Micah 4:1-8 — The mountain of the house of the Lord shall be established

Isaiah 2:2-4; 65:18; 66:22-23; Micah 4:1-8 — The mountain of the LORD's house shall be established, Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy; all flesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord; every man under his vine and under his fig tree; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem.

The kingdom effects:

Isaiah 35:1-10 — Wilderness blossom, highway of holiness

Isaiah 65:16-25 — I create new heavens and a new earth

Revelation 20:5-6; 21:1-3 — I saw new heaven and a new earth, holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down

Final Judgment

Final / last judgment:

Revelation 20:1-4, 7-10 — The dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years; loosed a little season, cast into the lake of fire and brimstone

Revelation 20:11-15 — A great white throne, and final judgment

Matthew 25:31-46 — Before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats


Peripheral verses to consider: Isaiah 17:12-14; 24:17-21; 25:9; 27:1, 13; 29:18; 52:5-7; 66:12-16; Jeremiah 23:19; 25:32-34; Hosea 2:18-22; Obadiah 1:7-9; Micah 5:3-6; 7:9-12; Haggai 2:22; Zechariah 2:11; 9:15-17; 13:8-9 Malachi 3:16-18; Proverbs 10:25


It is acknowledged that various periods and/or events may be concurrent or overlap. Scriptures make statements that range from broad and time-sweeping to precise and narrow in time. The exact timing of future events remain uncertain!


For more information see: That All Men Should Honor The Son, Deity of Christ, I struggle with doubts about my salvation and God forgiving my sins!